David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Synthese 67 (2):157 - 173 (1986)
Philosophers and scientists have maintained that causation, correlation, and "partial correlation" are essentially related. These views give rise to various rules of causal inference. This essay considers the "claims of several philosophers and social scientists for causal systems with dichotomous variables. In section 2 important commonalities and differences are explicated among four major conceptions of correlation. In section 3 it is argued that whether correlation can serve as a measure of A's causal influence on B depends upon the conception of causation being used and upon certain background assumptions. In section 4 five major kinds of "partial correlation" are explicated, and some of the important relations are established among two conceptions of "partial correlation", the conception of "screening off", the conception of "partitioning", and the measures of causal influence which have been suggested by advocates of path analysis or structural equation methods. In section 5 it is argued that whether any of these five conceptions of "partial correlation" can serve as a measure of causal influence depends upon the conception of causation being used and upon certain background assumptions. The important conclusion is that each of the approaches (considered here) to causal inference for causal systems with dichotomous variables stands in need of important qualifications and revisions if they are to be justified.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
No categories specified
(categorize this paper)
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Frederick S. Ellett & David P. Ericson (1986). Correlation, Partial Correlation, and Causation. Synthese 67 (2):157-173.
Frederick S. Ellett Jr & David P. Ericson (1983). The Logic of Causal Methods in Social Science. Synthese 57 (1):67 - 82.
Frederick S. Ellett & David P. Ericson (1983). The Logic of Causal Methods in Social Science. Synthese 57 (1):67-82.
Paul Thagard (1998). Explaining Disease: Correlations, Causes, and Mechanisms. [REVIEW] Minds and Machines 8 (1):61-78.
Gregory Wheeler (2009). Focused Correlation and Confirmation. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 60 (1):79-100.
Frederick S. Ellett Jr & David P. Ericson (1986). An Analysis of Probabilistic Causation in Dichotomous Structures. Synthese 67 (2):175 - 193.
Stevan Harnad (2000). Correlation Vs. Causality: How/Why the Mind-Body Problem is Hard. Journal of Consciousness Studies 7 (4):54-61.
Frederick S. Elett & David P. Ericson (1986). An Analysis of Probabilistic Causation in Dichotomous Structures. Synthese 67 (2):175-193.
P. Kyle Stanford (forthcoming). Underdetermination. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Daniel Lim (2011). Zombies, Epiphenomenalism, and Personal Explanations: A Tension in Moreland's Argument From Consciousness. European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 3 (2):439 - 450.
Alan S. Rosebaum (1984). On the Philosophical Foundations of the Conception of Human Rights. Philosophy Research Archives 10:543-565.
Added to index2011-05-29
Total downloads5 ( #234,882 of 1,100,076 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #304,128 of 1,100,076 )
How can I increase my downloads?