The role of working memory in motor learning and performance
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Consciousness and Cognition 12 (3):376-402 (2003)
Three experiments explore the role of working memory in motor skill acquisition and performance. Traditional theories postulate that skill acquisition proceeds through stages of knowing, which are initially declarative but later procedural. The reported experiments challenge that view and support an independent, parallel processing model, which predicts that procedural and declarative knowledge can be acquired separately and that the former does not depend on the availability of working memory, whereas, the latter does. The behaviour of these two processes was manipulated by providing or withholding visual (and auditory) appraisal of outcome feedback. Withholding feedback was predicted to inhibit the use of working memory to appraise success and, thus, prevent the formation of declarative knowledge without affecting the accumulation of procedural knowledge. While the first experiment failed to support these predictions, the second and third experiments demonstrated that procedural and declarative knowledge can be acquired independently. It is suggested that the availability of working memory is crucial to motor performance only when the learner has come to rely on its use.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
E. Daprati, D. Nico, N. Franck & A. Sirigu (2003). Being the Agent: Memory for Action Events. Consciousness and Cognition 12 (4):670-683.
Gabriele Gratton, Monica Fabiani & Paul M. Corballis (2001). Working Memory Capacity and the Hemispheric Organization of the Brain. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (1):121-122.
Janice M. Keenan, Jukka Hyönä & Johanna K. Kaakinen (2003). Incorporating Semantics and Individual Differences in Models of Working Memory. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (6):742-742.
Robert H. Logie & Sergio Della Sala (2003). Working Memory as a Mental Workspace: Why Activated Long-Term Memory is Not Enough. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (6):745-746.
Bill Faw (2003). Pre-Frontal Executive Committee for Perception, Working Memory, Attention, Long-Term Memory, Motor Control, and Thinking: A Tutorial Review. Consciousness and Cognition 12 (1):83-139.
Joaquín M. Fuster (2003). More Than Working Memory Rides on Long-Term Memory. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (6):737-737.
Nelson Cowan (2003). Varieties of Procedural Accounts of Working Memory Retention Systems. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (6):731-732.
R. H. Phaf & G. Wolters (1997). A Constructivist and Connectionist View on Conscious and Nonconscious Processes. Philosophical Psychology 10 (3):287-307.
Alison Capon, Simon Handley & Ian Dennis (2003). Working Memory and Reasoning: An Individual Differences Perspective. Thinking and Reasoning 9 (3):203 – 244.
J. P. Maxwell, R. S. W. Masters & F. F. Eves (2003). The Role of Working Memory in Motor Learning and Performance. Consciousness and Cognition 12 (3):376-402.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads11 ( #201,792 of 1,700,283 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #362,609 of 1,700,283 )
How can I increase my downloads?