Psychological essentialism and semantic externalism Evidence for externalism in lay speakers' language use
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 39 (1):105-110 (2008)
Some experimental studies have recently claimed to undermine semantic externalism about natural kind terms. However, it is unclear how philosophical accounts of reference can be experimentally tested. We present two externalistic adaptations of psychological placeholder essentialism, a strict externalist and a hybrid externalist view, which are experimentally testable. We examine Braisby’s et al. (1996) study which claims to undermine externalism, and argue that the study fails in its aims. We conducted two experiments, the results of which undermine internalism and the hybrid theory, and support strict externalism. Ourconclusion is that lay speakers’ natural kind concepts involve a belief in an external category essence, which determines reference
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Andrew Sneddon (2008). The Depths and Shallows of Psychological Externalism. Philosophical Studies 138 (3):393 - 408.
Sven Bernecker (2004). Memory and Externalism. Philosophical and Phenomenological Research 69 (3):605-632.
Cristina Lafont (2005). Was Heidegger an Externalist? Inquiry 48 (6):507 – 532.
Sven Bernecker (2004). Memory and Externalism. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 69 (3):605 - 632.
Mark Greene (2011). 'Chocolate' and Other Kind Terms: Implications for Semantic Externalism. Philosophical Quarterly 61 (243):270-292.
Daniel Lassiter (2008). Semantic Externalism, Language Variation, and Sociolinguistic Accommodation. Mind and Language 23 (5):607-633.
Åsa Wikforss (2007). Semantic Externalism and Psychological Externalism. Philosophy Compass 3 (1):158-181.
Katalin Farkas (2006). Semantic Internalism and Externalism. In Ernest Lepore & Barry C. Smith (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Language. Oxford University Press.
Jussi Jylkk (2009). Psychological Essentialism and Semantic Externalism: Evidence for Externalism in Lay Speakers' Language Use. Philosophical Psychology 22 (1):37 – 60.
Added to index2010-08-10
Total downloads13 ( #121,089 of 1,101,575 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #178,496 of 1,101,575 )
How can I increase my downloads?