Argument by Analogy

Argumentation 19 (1):1-27 (2005)
Abstract
ABSTRACT: In this essay I characterize arguments by analogy, which have an impor- tant role both in philosophical and everyday reasoning. Arguments by analogy are dif- ferent from ordinary inductive or deductive arguments and have their own distinct features. I try to characterize the structure and function of these arguments. It is further discussed that some arguments, which are not explicit arguments by analogy, nevertheless should be interpreted as such and not as inductive or deductive arguments. The result is that a presumed outcome of a philosophical dispute will have to be reconsidered.
Keywords analogue  analogy  argument by analogy  assigned-predicate  conclusive analogy  counterpart  different-domain-analogy  inconclusive analogy  one-to-one correspondence  same-domain-analogy  target-subject
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Daniel J. Nicholson (2013). Organisms ≠ Machines. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 44 (4):669-678.
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