David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Philosophical Psychology 18 (3):353 – 382 (2005)
Studying social phenomena is often assumed to be inherently different from studying natural science phenomena. In psychology, this assumption has led to a division of the field into social and experimental domains. The same kind of division has carried over into ecological psychology, despite the fact that Gibson clearly intended his theory for both social and natural phenomena. In this paper, we argue that the social/natural science dichotomy can be derived from a distinction between hermeneutics and science that is deeply rooted in the atomistic, structuralist ontological tradition. We show that, from a process-based perspective, the central questions of hermeneutics (action of an individual within a context of possible actions), ecological psychology (behavior of an organism in an ecological niche) and physics (motion of a particle in a field) share a similar structure. Building on these ideas, we propose a common, process-based methodology for psychology that integrates field theory with insights from quantum mechanics to accommodate traditionally problematic concepts in natural science such as teleology and values. To demonstrate the feasibility of this approach, empirical findings on the paradigmatic problem of prospective control (such as gaze control in automobile driving in relation to perceptual tuning) are presented.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Herbert A. Simon (1969). The Sciences of the Artificial. [Cambridge, M.I.T. Press.
Martin Heidegger (1967). Being and Time. Oxford, Blackwell.
I. Prigogine (1984). Order Out of Chaos: Man's New Dialogue with Nature. Distributed by Random House.
Citations of this work BETA
Judith A. Effken (2007). The Informational Basis for Nursing Intuition: Philosophical Underpinnings. Nursing Philosophy 8 (3):187-200.
Similar books and articles
Joachim I. Krueger & David C. Funder (2004). Social Psychology: A Field in Search of a Center. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (3):361-367.
Dov M. Gabbay (2000). Goal-Directed Proof Theory. Kluwer Academic.
Riccardo Viale (2000). Introductory Article. Mind and Society 1 (1):3-24.
Jussi Jylkkä (2008). Theories of Natural Kind Term Reference and Empirical Psychology. Philosophical Studies 139 (2):153-169.
Howard H. Kendler (2002). Psychology and Ethics: Interactions and Conflicts. Philosophical Psychology 15 (4):489 – 508.
Barry Gholson (ed.) (1989). Psychology of Science: Contributions to Metascience. Cambridge University Press.
Mark Rowlands (1995). Against Methodological Solipsism: The Ecological Approach. Philosophical Psychology 8 (1):5-24.
Charles S. Carver (1998). On the Self-Regulation of Behavior. Cambridge University Press.
Thomas Sturm (2001). How Not to Investigate the Human Mind: Kant on the Impossibility of Empirical Psychology. In Eric Watkins (ed.), Kant and the Sciences. Oxford University Press
Robert Shaw & Jeffrey Kinsella-Shaw (2007). The Survival Value of Informed Awareness. Journal of Consciousness Studies 14 (1):137-154.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads18 ( #150,651 of 1,725,305 )
Recent downloads (6 months)10 ( #64,836 of 1,725,305 )
How can I increase my downloads?