David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Philosophical Studies 145 (2):193 - 214 (2009)
Although most people believe that it is morally wrong to intentionally create children who have an impairment, it is widely held that we cannot criticize such procreative choices unless we find a solution to Parfit’s non-identity problem. I argue that we can. Jonathan Glover has recently argued that, in certain circumstances, such choices would be self-defeating even if morally permissible. I argue that although the scope of Glover’s argument is too limited, it nevertheless directs attention to a moral defect in the attitudes that could motivate such procreative choices, attitudes that, properly characterized, turn out to be person-affecting in character. I conclude by arguing that prospective parents who want to create a child with an impairment face a dilemma. If they want to avoid the charge that their aim is morally defective, they must deny that the desired impairment is harmful. But this would commit them to endorsing the controversial claim that it is morally permissible or even required to turn normal children into impaired ones.
|Keywords||Procreative ethics The non-identity problem Parfit Future people Disability Harm|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Dan W. Brock (2005). Shaping Future Children: Parental Rights and Societal Interests. Journal of Political Philosophy 13 (4):377–398.
Allen E. Buchanan, Dan W. Brock, Norman Daniels & Daniel Wikler (2000). From Chance to Choice. Cambridge University Press.
Stephen L. Darwall (2002). Welfare and Rational Care. Princeton University Press.
Joel Feinberg (1986). Wrongful Life and the Counterfactual Element in Harming. Social Philosophy and Policy 4 (01):145-.
Eve Garrard & Stephen Wilkinson (2006). Selecting Disability and the Welfare of the Child. The Monist 89 (4):482-504.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Amy Mullin (2011). Children and the Argument From 'Marginal' Cases. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 14 (3):291-305.
Doret Ruyter Leonie le Sagdee (2008). Criminal Parental Responsibility: Blaming Parents on the Basis of Their Duty to Control Versus Their Duty to Morally Educate Their Children. Educational Philosophy and Theory 40 (6):789-802.
Mark Greene (2009). Choosing Future People: Reproductive Technologies and Identity. In Vardit Ravitsky, Autumn Fiester & Arthur L. Caplan (eds.), The Penn Center Guide to Bioethics. Springer Publishing Company. 307-317.
Stephen Wilkinson (2010). Choosing Tomorrow's Children: The Ethics of Selective Reproduction. OUP Oxford.
Gerald K. Harrison & Julia Tanner (2011). Better Not to Have Children. Think, 10(27), 113-121 (27):113-121.
Simo Vehmas (2002). Is It Wrong to Deliberately Conceive or Give Birth to a Child with Mental Retardation? Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 27 (1):47 – 63.
Julian Savulescu & Guy Kahane (2009). The Moral Obligation to Create Children with the Best Chance of the Best Life. Bioethics 23 (5):274-290.
Eduardo Rivera-lópez (2009). Individual Procreative Responsibility and the Non-Identity Problem. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 90 (3):336-363.
Jakob Elster (2011). Procreative Beneficence – Cui Bono? Bioethics 25 (9):482-488.
Rivka Weinberg (2008). Identifying and Dissolving the Non-Identity Problem. Philosophical Studies 137 (1):3 - 18.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads53 ( #28,356 of 1,096,498 )
Recent downloads (6 months)5 ( #45,639 of 1,096,498 )
How can I increase my downloads?