David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 82 (3):674-696 (2011)
Whether God exists is a metaphysical question. But there is also a neglected evaluative question about God’s existence: Should we want God to exist? Very many, including many atheists and agnostics, appear to think we should. Theists claim that if God didn’t exist things would be far worse, and many atheists agree; they regret God’s inexistence. Some remarks by Thomas Nagel suggest an opposing view: that we should want God not to exist. I call this view anti-theism. I explain how such view can be coherent, and why it might be correct. Anti-theism must be distinguished from the argument from evil or the denial of God’s goodness; it is a claim about the goodness of God’s existence. Anti-theists must claim that it’s a logical consequence of God’s existence that things are worse in certain respects. The problem is that God’s existence would also make things better in many ways. Given that God’s existence is likely to be impersonally better overall, anti-theists face a challenge similar to that facing nonconsequentialists. I explore two ways of meeting this challenge.
|Keywords||God Thomas Nagel Value Theory|
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References found in this work BETA
Robert Nozick (1981). Philosophical Explanations. Harvard University Press.
Bernard Arthur Owen Williams (1981). Moral Luck: Philosophical Papers, 1973-1980. Cambridge University Press.
Jean-Paul Sartre (1956/1994). Being and Nothingness. Distributed by Random House.
Bernard A. O. Williams (1973). Problems of the Self. Cambridge University Press.
Thomas Nagel (1997). The Last Word. OUP Usa.
Citations of this work BETA
Guy Kahane (2013). Our Cosmic Insignificance. Noûs 47 (2):745-772.
Timothy F. Murphy (2012). In Defense of Irreligious Bioethics. American Journal of Bioethics 12 (12):3-10.
T. J. Mawson (2013). Recent Work on the Meaning of Life and Philosophy of Religion. Philosophy Compass 8 (12):1138-1146.
G. R. McLean (2015). Antipathy to God. Sophia 54 (1):13-24.
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