David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Topoi 26 (2):177-189 (2007)
A proper understanding of the Sufi doctrine of the unity of existence is essential for following the later developments of Islamic philosophy. The doctrine of the unity of existence is divided into introversive and extroversive aspects, the former dealing with the unity of the soul of the mystic with God, and the latter with the unity of the cosmos with God. Here this latter aspect of the doctrine is explained through a comparison of the views of Ibn ‘Arabi and Meister Eckhart, both of whom are profoundly influenced by Ibn Sina at precisely the same crucial points, although Meister Eckhart makes explicit reference to Ibn Sina, while Ibn ‘Arabi generally avoids naming him. The theory of the extroversive unity of existence consists of four parts, or rather, it is the product of four steps, each of which is logically based on the previous one: (1) God is the only being or the absolute existence. (2) Everything other than God (i. e., human beings and the cosmos) is nothing or nonexistence. (3) The existence of all things is God’s existence (All are He). (4) The cosmos does not have existence but manifests existence. In other words, it is God’s self-disclosure.
|Keywords||Ibn ‘Arabi Ibn Sina Meister Eckhart Mysticism Oneness of being Sufism Unity of existence|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
W. T. Stace (1960/1987). Mysticism and Philosophy. Distributed by St. Martin's Press.
Toshihiko Izutsu (1983/1984). Sufism and Taoism: A Comparative Study of Key Philosophical Concepts. University of California Press.
William C. Chittick (1981). Sadr Al-Dīn Qūnawī on the Oneness of Being. International Philosophical Quarterly 21 (2):171-184.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Maha Elkaisy-Friemuth (2006). God and Humans in Islamic Thought: Abd Al-Jabbar, Ibn Sina and Al-Ghazali. Routledge.
Charles K. Robinson (1964). Meister Eckhart's Doctrine of God. Heythrop Journal 5 (2):144–161.
Hubert Benz (2011). Neque quidquam intelligi potest esse sine esse. On the necessity of being as an epistemological principle in Meister Eckhart and Nicholas of Kues. Bochumer Philosophisches Jahrbuch Fur Antike Und Mittelalter 13 (1):142-170.
Ian Almond (2004). Sufism and Deconstruction: A Comparative Study of Derrida and Ibn ʻarabi. Routledge.
Isobel Jeffery-Street (2010). Ibn Arabi and the Contemporary West: Beshara and the Ibn Arabi Society. Equinox Pub. Ltd..
Rebekah Zwanzig, An Analysis of Ibn Al-'Arabi's Al-Insan Al-Kamil, the Perfect Individual, with a Brief Comparison to the Thought of Sir Muhammad Iqbal.
Michael Kurak (2001). The Epistemology of Illumination in Meister Eckhart. Philosophy and Theology 13 (2):275-286.
Ian Almond (2001). Divine Needs, Divine Illusions: Preliminary Remarks Toward a Comparative Study of Meister Eckhart and Ibn Al'Arabi. Medieval Philosophy and Theology 10 (2):263-282.
Cyrus Ali Zargar (2011). Sufi Aesthetics: Beauty, Love, and the Human Form in the Writings of Ibn 'Arabi and 'Iraqi. University of South Carolina Press.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads58 ( #72,950 of 1,796,448 )
Recent downloads (6 months)12 ( #60,054 of 1,796,448 )
How can I increase my downloads?