David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Educational Philosophy and Theory 44 (4):351-365 (2010)
Jean-Paul Sartre claims in his 1945 lecture ‘Existentialism is a Humanism’ that there are two kinds of existentialism: that of Christians like Karl Jaspers, and atheistic like Martin Heidegger. Sartre's ‘spiritual master’ Heidegger had no problem with Sartre defining him as an atheist, but he had serious problems with Sartre's concept of humanism and existentialism. Heidegger claims that the essence of humanism lies in the essence of the human being. After the Enlightenment, the Western concept of man has been presented in education in the form of Kantian humanistic essentialism. At least in the Finnish educational system, Kantian humanism is almost an official ideological background of all national curriculums. Is such a kind of essentialism and metaphysics plausible in our modern or postmodern times? We examine the Sartre-Heidegger controversy on humanism and the concept of man in education using Freire's humanism and Gelassenheit education as exemplars
|Keywords||culturalism Sartre education anti‐humanism Gelassenheit‐education humanism naturalism Heidegger essentialism existentialism|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Gert J. J. Biesta (1994). Education as Practical Intersubjectivity: Towards a Critical-Pragmatic Understanding of Education. Educational Theory 44 (3):299-317.
Arthur Coleman Danto (1991). Sartre. Fontana Press.
Joseph P. Fell (1979). Heidegger and Sartre: An Essay on Being and Place. Columbia University Press.
Paulo Freire (2008/1986). Pedagogy of the Oppressed. In David J. Flinders & Stephen J. Thornton (eds.), The Curriculum Studies Reader. Routledge.
Paulo Freire (1970). Pedagogy of the Oppressed. Bloomsbury Academic.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Laurence Paul Hemming (2013). Heidegger and Marx: A Productive Dialogue Over the Language of Humanism. Northwestern University Press.
Joseph J. Kockelmans (1972). Contemporary European Ethics. Garden City, N.Y.,Anchor Books.
Dennis Skocz (2008). Postscripts to the "Letter on 'Humanism'" : Heidegger, Sartre and Being-Human. In David Pettigrew & François Raffoul (eds.), French Interpretations of Heidegger: An Exceptional Reception. State University of New York Press.
Rick Roderick (1999). The Self Under Siege. Teaching Co..
Robert C. Solomon (1999). No Excuses. Teaching Co..
Jim Herrick (2003/2005). Humanism: An Introduction. Prometheus Books.
Steve Martinot (1991). Sartre's Being-for-Heidegger; Heidegger's Being-for-Sartre. Man and World 24 (1):63-74.
Joseph McCafferty (2003). Humanism in Husserl and Aquinas: Contrast Between a Phenomenological Concept of Man and a Realistic Concept of Man. Peter Lang.
Matthew Calarco (2005). “Another Insistence of Man”: Prolegomena to the Question of the Animal in Derrida's Reading of Heidegger. Human Studies 28 (3):317 - 334.
Steven Galt Crowell (ed.) (2012). The Cambridge Companion to Existentialism. Cambridge University Press.
Jean-Paul Sartre (1948/1977). Existentialism and Humanism. Haskell House.
Basharat Tayyab, The Contemporary Concept of Man (with Special Reference to Marxism and Existentialism).
Nigel Warburton (1996). A Student's Guide to Jean-Paul Sartre's Existentialism and Humanism. Philosophy Now 15:27-31.
Added to index2010-11-10
Total downloads46 ( #43,806 of 1,679,332 )
Recent downloads (6 months)4 ( #60,347 of 1,679,332 )
How can I increase my downloads?