Weakness of will, akrasia and the neuropsychiatry of decision-making: an interdisciplinary perspective
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Cognitive, Affective and Behavioral Neuroscience 8 (4):402-17 (2008)
This article focuses on both daily forms of weakness of will as discussed in the philosophical debate (usually referred to as akrasia) and psychopathological phenomena as impairments of decision making. We argue that both descriptions of dysfunctional decision making can be organized within a common theoretical framework that divides the decision making process in three different stages: option generation, option selection, and action initiation. We first discuss our theoretical framework (building on existing models of decision-making stages), focusing on option generation as an aspect that has been neglected by previous models. In the main body of this article, we review how both philosophy and neuropsychiatry have provided accounts of dysfunction in each decision-making stage, as well as where these accounts can be integrated. Also, the neural underpinnings of dysfunction in the three different stages are discussed. We conclude by discussing advantages and limitations of our integrative approach.
|Keywords||decision-making weakness of will psychopathology option generation|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Gerben Meynen (2010). Free Will and Mental Disorder: Exploring the Relationship. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 31 (6):429-443.
Bart Kamphorst & Annemarie Kalis (forthcoming). Why Option Generation Matters for the Design of Autonomous E-Coaching Systems. AI and Society.
Tsjalling Swierstra & Katinka Waelbers (2012). Designing a Good Life: A Matrix for the Technological Mediation of Morality. [REVIEW] Science and Engineering Ethics 18 (1):157-172.
Similar books and articles
Kieran Mathieson (2007). Towards a Design Science of Ethical Decision Support. Journal of Business Ethics 76 (3):269 - 292.
Lars Sandman & Christian Munthe (2009). Shared Decision-Making and Patient Autonomy. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 30 (4):289-310.
E. Goldberg & K. Podell (1999). Adaptive Versus Veridical Decision Making and the Frontal Lobes. Consciousness and Cognition 8 (3):364-377.
Richard A. Wright (1991). Clinical Judgment and Bioethics: The Decision Making Link. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 16 (1):71-91.
Benoit Hardy-Vallée (2007). Decision-Making: A Neuroeconomic Perspective. Philosophy Compass 2 (6):939–953.
Benoit Hardy-Vallee (2007). Decision-Making: A Neuroeconomic Perspective. Philosophy Compass 2 (6):939-953.
Marc D. Street, Chris Robertson & Scott W. Geiger (1997). Ethical Decision Making: The Effects of Escalating Commitment. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 16 (11):1153-1161.
Joseph G. P. Paolillo & Scott J. Vitell (2002). An Empirical Investigation of the Influence of Selected Personal, Organizational and Moral Intensity Factors on Ethical Decision Making. Journal of Business Ethics 35 (1):65 - 74.
Dawn R. Elm & Tara J. Radin (2012). Ethical Decision Making: Special or No Different? [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 107 (3):313-329.
Terry W. Loe, Linda Ferrell & Phylis Mansfield (2000). A Review of Empirical Studies Assessing Ethical Decision Making in Business. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 25 (3):185 - 204.
Robert Keith Shaw, Michael A. Peters & James D. Marshall (1986). The Development and Trials of a Decision-Making Model. Evaluation Review, 10 (1):5-27.
James L. Werth & Dean Blevins (eds.) (2008). Decision Making Near the End of Life: Issues, Development, and Future Directions. Brunner-Routledge.
Greg Clarke, Robert T. Hall & Greg Rosencrance (2004). Physician-Patient Relations: No More Models. American Journal of Bioethics 4 (2):16 – 19.
Stephen G. Pauker (1984). Decision Analysis as a Basis for Medical Decision Making: The Tree of Hippocrates. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 9 (2):181-214.
Naresh K. Malhotra & Gina L. Miller (1998). An Integrated Model for Ethical Decisions in Marketing Research. Journal of Business Ethics 17 (3):263-280.
Added to index2012-08-07
Total downloads9 ( #168,764 of 1,140,333 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #85,215 of 1,140,333 )
How can I increase my downloads?