Existence and Non-existence in Sabzawari's Ontology

Sophia 51 (3):395-406 (2012)
Abstract
Sabzawari is one of the greatest Muslim philosophers of the nineteenth century. He belongs to Sadrian Existentialism, which became a dominant philosophical tradition during the Qajar dynasty in Iran. This paper critically analyses Sabzawari’s ontological discussion on the dichotomy of existence and quiddity and the relation between existence and non-existence. It argues against Sabzawari by advocating the idea that ‘Existence’ rather than quiddity is the ground for identity as well as for diversity, and that non-existence, like existence, is able to produce an effect
Keywords Existence  Non-existence  Principality of existence  Principality of essence  Quiddity  Predicables  Identity in difference  Becoming  Ontology  Intuition  Mystic experience
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