David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Science and Education 22 (2):293-324 (2013)
Textbook descriptions of the foundations of Genetics give the impression that besides Mendel’s no other research on heredity took place during the nineteenth century. However, the publication of the Origin of Species in 1859, and the criticism that it received, placed the study of heredity at the centre of biological thought. Consequently, Herbert Spencer, Charles Darwin himself, Francis Galton, William Keith Brooks, Carl von Nägeli, August Weismann, and Hugo de Vries attempted to develop theories of heredity under an evolutionary perspective, and they were all influenced by each other in various ways. Nonetheless, only Nägeli became aware of Mendel’s experimental work; it has also been questioned whether Mendel even had the intention to develop a theory of heredity. In this article, a short presentation of these theories is made, based on the original writings. The major aim of this article is to suggest that Mendel was definitely not the only one studying heredity before 1900, if he even did this, as may be inferred by textbooks. Although his work had a major impact after 1900, it had no impact during the latter half of the nineteenth century when an active community of students of heredity emerged. Thus, textbooks should not only present the work of Mendel, but also provide a wider view of the actual history and a depiction of science as a social process.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Philip Kitcher (2003). In Mendel's Mirror: Philosophical Reflections on Biology. Oxford University Press.
Ute Deichmann (2010). Gemmules and Elements: On Darwin's and Mendel's Concepts and Methods in Heredity. [REVIEW] Journal for General Philosophy of Science 41 (1):85-112.
Author unknown (2008). Heredity and its Entities Around 1900. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A.
Roger J. Wood & Vítězslav Orel (2005). Scientific Breeding in Central Europe During the Early Nineteenth Century: Background to Mendel's Later Work. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 38 (2):239 - 272.
Ida H. Stamhuis (2003). The Reactions on Hugo de Vries's "Intracellular Pangenesis"; The Discussion with August Weismann. Journal of the History of Biology 36 (1):119 - 152.
J. A. Weir (1968). Agassiz, Mendel, and Heredity. Journal of the History of Biology 1 (2):179 - 203.
Floyd V. Monaghan & Alain F. Corcos (1990). The Real Objective of Mendel's Paper. Biology and Philosophy 5 (3):267-292.
Raphael Falk & Sahotra Sarkar (1991). The Real Objective of Mendel's Paper: A Response to Monaghan and Corcos. [REVIEW] Biology and Philosophy 6 (4):447-451.
Rasmus Grønfeldt Winther (2000). Darwin on Variation and Heredity. Journal of the History of Biology 33 (3):425-455.
William Leeming (2005). Ideas About Heredity, Genetics, and 'Medical Genetics' in Britain, 1900–1982. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 36 (3):538-558.
Brad D. Hume (2008). Quantifying Characters: Polygenist Anthropologists and the Hardening of Heredity. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 41 (1):119 - 158.
Wolfgang Balzer & Pablo Lorenzano (2000). The Logical Structure of Classical Genetics. Journal for General Philosophy of Science 31 (2):243-266.
R. S. Walker & M. Blanc (1985). Darwin, Mendel, Morgan: The Beginnings of Genetics. Diogenes 33 (131):101-113.
Maria Kronfeldner (2009). If There is Nothing Beyond the Organic...: Heredity and Culture at the Boundaries of Anthropology in the Work of Alfred L. Kroeber. [REVIEW] NTM - Journal of the History of Science, Technology and Medicine 17 (2):107-134.
Added to index2011-12-31
Total downloads11 ( #156,598 of 1,679,436 )
Recent downloads (6 months)4 ( #59,965 of 1,679,436 )
How can I increase my downloads?