David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
There is a mystery right at the heart of Plato’s famous doctrine of the three parts of the soul, as this doctrine is presented in the Republic, Phaedrus and Timaeus: just what is a soul ‘part’ ( meros, eidos )? Republic IV tells us a way to distinguish soul parts, namely by the Principle of Opposites: since ‘the same thing will not do or undergo opposites in the same respect, in relation to the same thing, at the same time’ (436b8-9), whenever we find a thing that does or undergoes opposites in the same respect, in relation to the same thing, at the same time, we must partition it in such a way that each of the parts does or undergoes only one of the opposites in question. But this raises more questions than it answers: (1) are these parts themselves simple? (2) is the Principle of Opposites the only way to determine parts? (3) what is there to being a soul-part other than being distinguished by the Principle of Opposites—is it to desire and pursue one of the characteristic ( idia ) pleasures identified at Republic 580d-81c, namely, the pleasures of truth for the reasoning part of the soul, of honour and victory for the spirited part, and of food-sex-drink, and as a means to these, money, for the appetitive part?
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library||
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Rachel Singpurwalla (2010). The Tripartite Theory of Motivation in Plato's Republic. Philosophy Compass 5 (11):880-892.
Similar books and articles
Dale Jacquette (2003). Plato on the Parts of the Soul. Epoché: A Journal for the History of Philosophy 8 (1):43-68.
Rachel Barney, Tad Brennan & Charles Brittain (eds.) (2012). Plato and the Divided Self. Cambridge University Press.
Nicholas D. Smith (1999). Plato's Analogy of Soul and State. Journal of Ethics 3 (1):31-49.
Hsei-Yung Hsu, Just State and Just Man : A Dialogue Between Plato and Confucius. PhD Thesis, University of Glasgow.
Jessica Moss (2006). Pleasure and Illusion in Plato. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 72 (3):503 - 535.
D. Sedley (1998). Platonic Causes. Phronesis 43 (2):114 - 132.
David Sedley (1998). Platonic Causes. Phronesis 43 (2):114-132.
Ronna Burger (2003). The Thumotic Soul. Epoché: A Journal for the History of Philosophy 7 (2):151-167.
Eric T. Olson (2006). Temporal Parts and Timeless Parthood. Noûs 40 (4):738–752.
Eric T. Olson (2006). Temporal Parts and Timeless Parthood. Noûs 40 (4):738-752.
Teun Tieleman (1998). Plotinus on the Seat of the Soul: Reverberations of Galen and Alexander in "Enn." IV, 3 , 23. Phronesis 43 (4):306 - 325.
Dirk Baltzly (2009). Proclus: Commentary on Plato’s Timaeus, Part IV – Proclus on the World Soul. A Translation with Notes and Introduction. Cambridge University Press.
Alexey R. Fokin (2009). The Relationship Between Soul and Spirit in Greek and Latin Patristic Thought. Faith and Philosophy 26 (5):599-614.
Riccardo Chiaradonna (2012). Plotinus' Account of the Cognitive Powers of the Soul: Sense Perception and Discursive Thought. [REVIEW] Topoi 31 (2):191-207.
Added to index2011-10-22
Total downloads60 ( #31,432 of 1,679,397 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #111,749 of 1,679,397 )
How can I increase my downloads?