Sātmaka, Nairātmya, and A-Nairātmya: Dharmakīrti's Counter-Argument Against the Proof of Ātman [Book Review]

Journal of Indian Philosophy 39 (4-5):391-410 (2011)
Abstract
Ātman (soul) and Nairātmya (no soul) are, for the Brahmanical schools and the Buddhists respectively, equally fundamental tenets which neither side can concede to the other. Among the 16 formulations presented by Uddyotakara, the fifteenth, which is a proof of Ātman and is originally an indirect proof ( avīta/āvīta ), is presented in a prasaṅga -style, and contains double negation ( na nairātmyam ) in the thesis. However, it is perhaps Dharmakīrti who first transformed it into a normal style ( sātmakam ). He is well aware of the law of excluded middle, and insisits that the negation is paryudāsa . On the Nyāya side, Uddyotakara at least seems to be unaware of the law of the logical equivalence of contraposition concerning pervasion ( vyāpti ). After Uddyotakara, however, Vyoman (Vyomaśiva), Bhāsarvajña and Vācaspatimiśra, all seem to be well aware of it. Dharmakīrti, in his conter-argument against the proof of ātman , discusses the negative expressions ‘‘ nairātmya ” and ‘‘ a-nairātmya ” Dharmakīrti here uses two logical arguments skillfully and tactically. As a critic of both the authenticity of the Veda and the existence of ātman , he insists on the theory of dichotomy and the equivalence of anvaya and vyatireka , whereas as an apologist he denies the application of these theories to the relation between the existence of ātman and the concept of nairātmya , because for him as a Buddhist the latter is not a negative but essentially positive state of affairs
Keywords Ātman   Prasaṅga   Kevalavyatirekin   Nairātmya   Paryudāsa  Contraposition  Dichotomy
Categories (categorize this paper)
Options
 Save to my reading list
Follow the author(s)
My bibliography
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Revision history Request removal from index
 
Download options
PhilPapers Archive


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy on self-archival     Papers currently archived: 10,788
External links
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library
References found in this work BETA
Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Similar books and articles
Narendra V. Soosania (1974). On the Nature and the Experience of the Ātman. Lund[Privately Printed by N. V. Soosania, Box 708, 22 00 7].
S. R. Bhatt (2005). The Concepts of Ātman and Paramātman in Indian Thought. Gujarat Vidyasabha, B. J. Institute of Learning & Research.
Chris Mortensen (2004). Dharmakirti and Priest on Change. Philosophy East and West 54 (1):20-28.
Analytics

Monthly downloads

Added to index

2011-07-20

Total downloads

16 ( #101,250 of 1,099,048 )

Recent downloads (6 months)

4 ( #80,012 of 1,099,048 )

How can I increase my downloads?

My notes
Sign in to use this feature


Discussion
Start a new thread
Order:
There  are no threads in this forum
Nothing in this forum yet.