David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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University of Nebraska Press (1979)
It is in the interest of the totalitarian state that subjects not think for themselves, much less confer about their thinking. Writing under the hostile watch of the Prussian censorship, Immanuel Kant dared to argue the need for open argument, in the university if nowhere else. In this heroic criticism of repression, first published in 1798, he anticipated the crises that endanger the free expression of ideas in the name of national policy. Composed of three sections written at different times, The Conflict of the Faculties dwells on the eternal combat between the "lower" faculty of philosophy, which is answerable only to individual reason, and the faculties of theology, law, and medicine, which get "higher" precedence in the world of affairs and whose teachings and practices are of interest to the government. Kant makes clear, for example, the close alliance between the theological faculty and the government that sanctions its teachings and can resort to force and censorship. All the more vital and precious, then, the faculty of philosophy, which encourages independent thought before action. The first section, "The Conflict of the Philosophy Faculty with the Theology Faculty," is essentially a vindication of the right of the philosophical faculty to freedom of expression. In the other sections the philosopher takes a long and penetrating look at medicine and law, the one preserving the physical "temple" and the other regulating its actions.
|Keywords||Philosophy and religion Law Philosophy Medicine Philosophy|
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Citations of this work BETA
Kjartan Koch Mikalsen (2010). Testimony and Kant's Idea of Public Reason. Res Publica 16 (1):23-40.
Robin May Schott (2008). Just War and the Problem of Evil. Hypatia 23 (2):pp. 122-140.
John H. Zammito (2008). A Text of Two Titles: Kant's 'a Renewed Attempt to Answer the Question: “Is the Human Race Continually Improving?'''. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 39 (4):535-545.
Gary Rolfe (2013). Thinking as a Subversive Activity: Doing Philosophy in the Corporate University. Nursing Philosophy 14 (1):28-37.
Christopher Jay (2013). The Kantian Moral Hazard Argument for Religious Fictionalism. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion:1-26.
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