David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Philosophical Studies 70 (3):337 - 345 (1993)
A familiar means of enhancing the descriptive power of attitudinal reports is the distinction between de re and de dicto readings of ascriptions or, alternatively, between internal and external occurrences of terms and phrases used in ascribing attitudes.i While there is little agreement about the philosophical significance or viability of these contrasts, supporters of cognitive theories of content -- those which take the that-clause of an ascription to express something to which the subject bears a psychological relation, viz., what he or she believes, doubts, wishes for, etc. -- invoke the de re mode whenever the ascriber does not claim to represent the subject's exact content, though, for descriptive or explanatory purposes, finds a partial specification appropriate.ii The strategy is particularly useful for understanding ascriptions containing indexicals. For example, if I overhear Andrea praising my insights, strategies, and calculations, I might report her thoughts as follows: (1) Andrea thinks that I am clever. This ascription is misleading if taken to convey Andrea's exact content; the occurrence of 'I' expresses my thought of myself, not hers. Since she does not think of me in a first-person way, (1) cannot be understood as reporting her disposition to assent to the sentence 'I am clever,' nor to affirm the proposition that I am clever, regardless if the I in question is herself or myself. On certain views of indexical content, I might be unable to specify exactly the proposition she does accept, but I can at least allude to what she has in mind by exporting the pronoun as in, (2) I am someone whom Andrea believes to be clever. or, to retain an overt that-clause, (3) There is someone x who is identical to me and Andrea believes..
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Stephen P. Stich (1983). From Folk Psychology to Cognitive Science: The Case Against Belief. MIT Press.
Nathan U. Salmon (1986). Frege's Puzzle. Ridgeview.
Mark Crimmins (1992). Talk About Beliefs. MIT Press.
Scott Soames (1987). Direct Reference, Propositional Attitudes, and Semantic Content. Philosophical Topics 15 (1):47-87.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Ari Maunu (2000). A Simple Solution to the Problem of De Se Belief Ascriptions. Communication and Cognition: An Interdisciplinary Quarterly Journal 33 (3-4):199-226.
Romane L. Clark (1988). Self Knowledge and Self Consciousness: Thoughts About Oneself. Topoi 7 (March):47-55.
Joel Smith (2006). Which Immunity to Error? Philosophical Studies 130 (2):273-83.
Delia Graff Fara (2013). Specifying Desires. Noûs 47 (2):250-272.
Ken Taylor (2002). De Re And De Dicto: Against The Conventional Wisdom. Noûs 36 (s16):225-265.
Radu J. Bogdan (1987). Mind, Content and Information. Synthese 70 (February):205-227.
Howard Burdick (1991). A Notorious Affair Called Exportation. Synthese 87 (3):363 - 377.
Kirk A. Ludwig (1994). First-Person Knowledge and Authority. In Gerhard Preyer (ed.), Language Mind and Epistemology: On Donald Davidson's Philosophy. Dordrecht: Kluwer
Tomis Kapitan (1999). Quasi-Indexical Attitudes. Sorites 11:24-40.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads14 ( #246,664 of 1,793,080 )
Recent downloads (6 months)4 ( #206,240 of 1,793,080 )
How can I increase my downloads?