David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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American Journal of Bioethics 12 (7):3-16 (2012)
In May 2011, more than a decade after the International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF) and the International Olympic Committee (IOC) abandoned sex testing, they devised new policies in response to the IAAF's treatment of Caster Semenya, the South African runner whose sex was challenged because of her spectacular win and powerful physique that fueled an international frenzy questioning her sex and legitimacy to compete as female. These policies claim that atypically high levels of endogenous testosterone in women (caused by various medical conditions) create an unfair advantage and must be regulated. Against the backdrop of Semenya's case and the scientific and historical complexity of ?gender verification? in elite sports, we question the new policies on three grounds: (1) the underlying scientific assumptions; (2) the policymaking process; and (3) the potential to achieve fairness for female athletes. We find the policies in each of these domains significantly flawed and therefore argue they should be withdrawn
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References found in this work BETA
Alice Dreger (2010). Sex Typing for Sport. Hastings Center Report 40 (2):22-24.
Gayle Rubin (1975). The Traffic in Women: Notes on the "Political Economy" of Sex. In Rayna R. Reiter (ed.), Toward an Anthropology of Women. Monthly Review Press. 157--210.
Citations of this work BETA
Lance Wahlert & Autumn Fiester (2012). Gender Transports: Privileging the “Natural” in Gender Testing Debates for Intersex and Transgender Athletes. American Journal of Bioethics 12 (7):19 - 21.
Dan O'Connor & Ishan Dasgupta (2012). Sport Is Arbitrary, and That's OK. American Journal of Bioethics 12 (7):30 - 31.
Pam R. Sailors, Sarah J. Teetzel & Charlene Weaving (2012). The Complexities of Sport, Gender, and Drug Testing. American Journal of Bioethics 12 (7):23 - 25.
Stéphane Bermon, Martin Ritzen, Angelica Lindén Hirschberg & Thomas H. Murray (2013). Are the New Policies on Hyperandrogenism in Elite Female Athletes Really Out of Bounds? Response to “Out of Bounds? A Critique of the New Policies on Hyperandrogenism in Elite Female Athletes”. American Journal of Bioethics 13 (5):63-65.
Shari L. Dworkin & Cheryl Cooky (2012). Sport, Sex Segregation, and Sex Testing: Critical Reflections on This Unjust Marriage. American Journal of Bioethics 12 (7):21 - 23.
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