David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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American Journal of Bioethics 12 (7):3-16 (2012)
In May 2011, more than a decade after the International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF) and the International Olympic Committee (IOC) abandoned sex testing, they devised new policies in response to the IAAF's treatment of Caster Semenya, the South African runner whose sex was challenged because of her spectacular win and powerful physique that fueled an international frenzy questioning her sex and legitimacy to compete as female. These policies claim that atypically high levels of endogenous testosterone in women (caused by various medical conditions) create an unfair advantage and must be regulated. Against the backdrop of Semenya's case and the scientific and historical complexity of ?gender verification? in elite sports, we question the new policies on three grounds: (1) the underlying scientific assumptions; (2) the policymaking process; and (3) the potential to achieve fairness for female athletes. We find the policies in each of these domains significantly flawed and therefore argue they should be withdrawn.
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Citations of this work BETA
Stéphane Bermon, Martin Ritzen, Angelica Lindén Hirschberg & Thomas H. Murray (2013). Are the New Policies on Hyperandrogenism in Elite Female Athletes Really Out of Bounds? Response to “Out of Bounds? A Critique of the New Policies on Hyperandrogenism in Elite Female Athletes”. American Journal of Bioethics 13 (5):63-65.
Rachel Mckinnon (2014). Stereotype Threat and Attributional Ambiguity for Trans Women. Hypatia 29 (1):857-872.
Saray Ayala & Nadya Vasilyeva (2015). Extended Sex: An Account of Sex for a More Just Society. Hypatia 30 (4):725-742.
Sarah Teetzel (2014). The Onus of Inclusivity: Sport Policies and the Enforcement of the Women's Category in Sport. Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 41 (1):113-127.
Katrina Karkazis & Rebecca Jordan-Young (2013). The Harrison Bergeron Olympics. American Journal of Bioethics 13 (5):66 - 69.
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