Science and values in risk assessment: The case of deliberate release of genetically engineered organisms [Book Review]

To make more responsible decisions regarding risk and to understand disagreements and controversies in risk assessments, it is important to know how and where values are infused into risk assessment and how they are embedded in the conclusions. In this article an attempt is made to disentangle the relationship of science and values in decision-making concerning the deliberate release of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) into the environment. This exercise in applied philosophy of science is based on Helen Longino's contextual empiricism which attempts to reconcile the objectivity of science with its social and cultural construction. Longino distinguishes different levels of research on which values apparently contextual with respect to a given research program can shape the knowledge emerging from that program. Her scheme is applied for locating and identifying the values that affect environment risk assessments of the field experiments with GMOs. The article concludes with some provisional suggestions for the decision process and the role of scientists in it.
Keywords applied philosophy of science  science in policy  risk assessment  fact-value dichotomy  biotechnology  genetically modified organisms  deliberate release
Categories (categorize this paper)
 Save to my reading list
Follow the author(s)
My bibliography
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Revision history Request removal from index
Download options
PhilPapers Archive

Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy on self-archival     Papers currently archived: 13,610
External links
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library
References found in this work BETA

No references found.

Citations of this work BETA
Similar books and articles
Carl F. Cranor (1988). Some Public Policy Problems with the Science of Carcinogen Risk Assessment. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1988:467 - 488.
Helen E. Longino (1986). What's Really Wrong with Quantitative Risk Assessment? PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1986:376 - 383.
Deborah G. Mayo (1988). Toward a More Objective Understanding of the Evidence of Carcinogenic Risk. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1988:489 - 503.

Monthly downloads

Added to index


Total downloads

68 ( #27,426 of 1,692,707 )

Recent downloads (6 months)

22 ( #8,867 of 1,692,707 )

How can I increase my downloads?

My notes
Sign in to use this feature

Start a new thread
There  are no threads in this forum
Nothing in this forum yet.