David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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American Journal of Bioethics 3 (3):39-46 (2003)
Much attention has been focused in recent years on the ethical acceptability of physicians receiving gifts from drug companies. Professional guidelines recognize industry gifts as a conflict of interest and establish thresholds prohibiting the exchange of large gifts while expressly allowing for the exchange of small gifts such as pens, note pads, and coffee. Considerable evidence from the social sciences suggests that gifts of negligible value can influence the behavior of the recipient in ways the recipient does not always realize. Policies and guidelines that rely on arbitrary value limits for gift-giving or receipt should be reevaluated
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Joel Lexchin (2012). Those Who Have the Gold Make the Evidence: How the Pharmaceutical Industry Biases the Outcomes of Clinical Trials of Medications. [REVIEW] Science and Engineering Ethics 18 (2):247-261.
Vykinta Kligyte, Richard T. Marcy, Ethan P. Waples, Sydney T. Sevier, Elaine S. Godfrey, Michael D. Mumford & Dean F. Hougen (2008). Application of a Sensemaking Approach to Ethics Training in the Physical Sciences and Engineering. Science and Engineering Ethics 14 (2):251-278.
Inmaculada de Melo-Martín (2011). More Clarifications: On the Goals of Conflict of Interest Policies. American Journal of Bioethics 11 (1):35-37.
Shane Leong, James Hazelton & Cynthia Townley (2013). Managing the Risks of Corporate Political Donations: A Utilitarian Perspective. Journal of Business Ethics 118 (2):429-445.
Rusla Anne Springer (2011). Pharmaceutical Industry Discursives and the Marketization of Nursing Work: A Case Example. Nursing Philosophy 12 (3):214-228.
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