David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Linguistics and Philosophy 26 (5):595 - 635 (2003)
Ryle (1949, Chapter V) discusses a range of predicates which in different ways exemplify a property I shall call quasi-duality - they appear to report two actions or events in one predicate. Quasi-duality is the key property of predicates Ryle classed as achievements. Ryle's criteria for classification were not temporal or aspectual, and Vendler's subsequent adoption of the term achievement for the aktionsart of momentary events changes the term - Rylean achievements and Vendlerian achievements are in principle different classes. Nevertheless, I shall argue in this paper that certain kinds of quasi-duality do have aspectual significance. This paper examines a number of quasi-dual predicates which are not generally discussed in the aktionsart literature, including break a promise, miscount, and cure the patient. Two types of quasi-dual predicates are identified and dubbed criterion predicates and causative upshot predicates. It is shown that both types of quasi-dual predicate lack process progressives, despite being durative, and it is argued that the lack of process progressives identifies these predicates as (aspectual) achievements. They are termed durative achievements to distinguish them from canonical, momentary achievements. It is argued that these predicates lack process progressives, and hence are achievements, because they express individual-level predicates on the event argument. A process progressive is stage-level for the event, and hence is incompatible with a predicate which is lexically individual-level for the event
|Keywords||Linguistics Philosophy of Language Artificial Intelligence Computational Linguistics Semantics Syntax|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Décio Krause & Steven French (2007). Quantum Sortal Predicates. Synthese 154 (3):417 - 430.
D.\'ecio Krause & Steven French (2007). Quantum Sortal Predicates. Synthese 154 (3):417 - 430.
Rohit Parikh (1996). Vague Predicates and Language Games. Theoria 11 (3):97-107.
Sungho Choi (2008). The Incompleteness of Dispositional Predicates. Synthese 163 (2):157 - 174.
Charles Sayward (1981). Must Synonymous Predicates be Coextensive? Logique Et Analyse 95 (95):430-435.
Srećko Kovač (1999). Quine's Platonism and Antiplatonism. Synthesis Philosophica 14 (1999):45-52.
Dan López de Sa (2008). The Over-Generalization Problem: Predicates Rigidly Signifying the "Unnatural". Synthese 163 (2):263-272.
Xiaoqiang Han (2009). Feature-Placing Sentences and the Canonical Scheme. Abstracta 4 (2):30-42.
Friederike Moltmann (2013). The Semantics of Existence. Linguistics and Philosophy 36 (1):31-63.
G. Jager (2001). Topic-Comment Structure and the Contrast Between Stage Level and Individual Level Predicates. Journal of Semantics 18 (2):83-126.
Thomas Mormann (1993). Natural Predicates and Topological Structures of Conceptual Spaces. Synthese 95 (2):219 - 240.
Benjamin Schnieder (2005). Property Designators, Predicates, and Rigidity. Philosophical Studies 122 (3):227 - 241.
Added to index2010-08-30
Total downloads11 ( #150,693 of 1,413,300 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #154,079 of 1,413,300 )
How can I increase my downloads?