David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Synthese 165 (3):385 - 401 (2008)
In this paper I discuss some of the criteria that are widely used in the linguistic and philosophical literature to classify an aspect of meaning as either semantic or pragmatic. With regards to the case of scalar implicature (e.g. some Fs are G implying that not all Fs are G), these criteria are not ultimately conclusive, either in the results of their application, or in the interpretation of the results with regards to the semantics/pragmatics distinction (or in both). I propose a psychologically relevant criterion, that of the primary or secondary role of context. This criterion applies to sub-personal processes that derive the interpretation of a scalar term rather than to the eventual interpretation of the term, and there exist well-established experimental paradigms that can generate quantitative data. I present recent studies on scalar implicature which employ such off-line and real-time paradigms, aiming to demonstrate how research on the semantics/pragmatics distinction can benefit from experimental investigation.
|Keywords||Scalar implicature Processing Psycholinguistics|
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References found in this work BETA
R. Carston (2002). Thoughts and Utterances. Blackwell.
D. Sperber & D. Wilson (1995). Relevance. Blackwell.
Stephen C. Levinson (2000). Presumptive Meanings: The Theory of Generalized Conversational Implicature. MIT Press.
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Emma Borg (2004). Minimal Semantics. Oxford University Press.
Citations of this work BETA
Michael Blome-Tillmann (2013). Conversational Implicatures (and How to Spot Them). Philosophy Compass 8 (2):170-185.
Napoleon Katsos & Dorothy V. M. Bishop (2011). Pragmatic Tolerance: Implications for the Acquisition of Informativeness and Implicature. Cognition 120 (1):67-81.
Richard Breheny, Heather J. Ferguson & Napoleon Katsos (2013). Taking the Epistemic Step: Toward a Model of on-Line Access to Conversational Implicatures. Cognition 126 (3):423-440.
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Leon Horsten (2005). On the Quantitative Scalar or-Implicature. Synthese 146 (1-2):111 - 127.
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