David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 9 (3):359 - 374 (2006)
In this paper I attempt to defuse a set of epistemic worries commonly raised against ideal observer theories. The worries arise because of the omniscience often attributed to ideal observers -- how can we, as finite humans, ever have access to the moral judgements or reactions of omniscient beings? I argue that many of the same concerns arise with respect to other moral theories (and that these concerns do not in fact reveal genuine flaws in any of these theories), and further, that we can and often do have knowledge of the reactions of ideal observers (according to standard, prominent theories in the domain of epistemology).
|Keywords||ideal observer virtue theory Hume general point of view exemplar virtue virtue ethics virtue epistemology|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Robert Nozick (1981). Philosophical Explanations. Harvard University Press.
Timothy Williamson (2000). Knowledge and its Limits. Oxford University Press.
Jonathan Dancy (1993). Moral Reasons. Blackwell.
R. M. Hare (1981). Moral Thinking: Its Levels, Method, and Point. Oxford University Press.
James Montmarquet (1993). Epistemic Virtue and Doxastic Responsibility. Rowman & Littlefield.
Citations of this work BETA
Jason Kawall (2010). The Epistemic Demands of Environmental Virtue. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 23 (1-2):109-28.
Similar books and articles
Marcus Hutter (2010). Observer Localization in Multiverse Theories. In Harald Fritzsch & K. K. Phua (eds.), Proceedings of the Conference in Honour of Murray Gell-Mann's 80th Birthday. World Scientific
Jason Kawall (2004). Moral Response-Dependence, Ideal Observers, and the Motive of Duty: Responding to Zangwill. Erkenntnis 60 (3):357-369.
Noriaki Iwasa (2013). On Three Defenses of Sentimentalism. Prolegomena 12 (1):61-82.
Arthur J. Dyck (1981). Moral Requiredness: Bridging the Gap Between "Ought" and "Is": Part II. Journal of Religious Ethics 9 (1):131 - 150.
Stephanie Ross (2011). Ideal Observer Theories in Aesthetics. Philosophy Compass 6 (8):513-522.
Andrew McGonigal (2005). Moral Facts and Suitably Informed Subjects: A Reply to Denham. Ratio 18 (1):82–92.
Ran Spiegler (2001). Inferring a Linear Ordering Over a Power Set. Theory and Decision 51 (1):31-49.
John Greco (2008). What's Wrong with Contextualism? Philosophical Quarterly 58 (232):416 - 436.
Jason Kawall (2009). Virtue Theory, Ideal Observers, and the Supererogatory. Philosophical Studies 146 (2):179-96.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads330 ( #5,364 of 1,790,397 )
Recent downloads (6 months)58 ( #16,156 of 1,790,397 )
How can I increase my downloads?