David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Philosophical Studies 146 (2):179-96 (2009)
I argue that recent virtue theories (including those of Hursthouse, Slote, and Swanton) face important initial difficulties in accommodating the supererogatory. In particular, I consider several potential characterizations of the supererogatory modeled upon these familiar virtue theories (and their accounts of rightness) and argue that they fail to provide an adequate account of supererogation. In the second half of the paper I sketch an alternative virtue-based characterization of supererogation, one that is grounded in the attitudes of virtuous ideal observers, and that avoids the concerns raised in the first part of the paper.
|Keywords||virtue ethics virtue theory virtue ideal observer Hursthouse supererogation supererogatory ideals right action|
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References found in this work BETA
Rosalind Hursthouse (1999). On Virtue Ethics. Oxford University Press.
John M. Doris (2002). Lack of Character: Personality and Moral Behavior. Cambridge University Press.
Linda Zagzebski (1996). Virtues of the Mind: An Inquiry Into the Nature of Virtue and the Ethical Foundations of Knowledge. Cambridge University Press.
Christine Swanton (2003). Virtue Ethics: A Pluralistic View. Clarendon Press.
Bernard Williams (1992). Shame and Necessity. University of California Press.
Citations of this work BETA
Christopher Toner (2013). The Dependence of Welfare Upon Virtue. Topoi 32 (2):161-169.
Munir Talukder (2010). Intimacy, Admirability, and Virtue: An Examination of Michael Slote's View. Human Affairs 20 (1).
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