Graduate studies at Western
Bioethics 24 (4):199-207 (2010)
|Abstract||Diagnostic self-testing devices are being developed for many illnesses, chronic diseases and infections. These will be used in hospitals, at point-of-care facilities and at home. Designed to allow earlier detection of diseases, self-testing diagnostic devices may improve disease prevention, slow the progression of disease and facilitate better treatment outcomes. These devices have the potential to benefit both the individual and society by enabling individuals to take a more proactive role in the maintenance of their health and by helping society improve health and reduce health costs. However, the full implications of future home-based diagnostic technology for individuals and society remain unclear due to their novelty. We argue that the development of diagnostic tools, especially for home use, will heighten a number of ethical challenges. This paper will explore some of the ethical implications of home-based self-testing diagnostic devices for the autonomous and relational dimensions of the person. This will be facilitated by examining the impact of diagnostic devices for individual autonomy, for the delivery of accurate diagnosis and for the personal significance of the information for the user. The latter will be examined using Charles Taylor's view of personhood and his emphasis on human agency and interpretation. While the ethical issues are not necessarily new, the development of home-based self-testing diagnostic devices will make issues regarding autonomy, accuracy of information and personal significance more and more demanding. This will be the case particularly when an individual's autonomous choices come into conflict with the person's relational responsibilities.|
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Configure|
Similar books and articles
Maria Korab-Laskowska (1980). Hypothetico-Nomological Aspects of Medical Diagnosis Part II: Formal Model of the Explanation and Testing Procedures. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 1 (2):195-205.
Harold W. Jaffe (2009). Increasing Knowledge of Hiv Infection Status Through Opt-Out Testing. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 6 (2):229-233.
Annemaire Mol (2000). What Diagnostic Devices Do: The Case of Blood Sugar Measurement. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 21 (1):9-22.
Elin Palm (2013). Who Cares? Moral Obligations in Formal and Informal Care Provision in the Light of ICT-Based Home Care. Health Care Analysis 21 (2):171-188.
Laurence B. McCullough & Charles E. Christianson (1987). Ethical Dimensions of Diagnosis: A Case Study and Analysis. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 2 (2):129-143.
Reidun Førde (1998). Competing Conceptions of Diagnostic Reasoning – is There a Way Out? Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 19 (1):59-72.
Anna-Marie Greaney, Dónal P. O.’Mathúna & P. Anne Scott (2012). Patient Autonomy and Choice in Healthcare: Self-Testing Devices as a Case in Point. [REVIEW] Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 15 (4):383-395.
James G. Mazoué (1990). Diagnosis Without Doctors. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 15 (6):559-579.
Ann Cavoukian, Angus Fisher, Scott Killen & David Hoffman (2010). Remote Home Health Care Technologies: How to Ensure Privacy? Build It In: Privacy by Design. [REVIEW] Identity in the Information Society 3 (2):363-378.
Added to index2009-02-17
Total downloads3 ( #213,863 of 739,396 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #61,680 of 739,396 )
How can I increase my downloads?