David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Previous research has shown that young children have difﬁculty searching for a hidden object whose location depends on the position of a partly visible physical barrier. Across four experiments, we tested whether children’s search errors are affected by two variables that inﬂuence adults’ object-directed attention: object boundaries and proximity relations. Toddlers searched for a car that rolled down a ramp behind an occluding panel and stopped on contact with a barrier. The car’s location on each trial depended on the placement of the barrier behind one of two doors in the panel. In Experiment 1, when a part of the car (a pompom on an antenna) was visible at the same distance from the object as the barrier wall in past research, search performance was above chance but below ceiling. In Experiments 2 and 3, when the visible part was close to the hidden body of the car and could be seen through one of two windows in the doors of the occluding panel, performance was near ceiling. In Experiment 4, when only the barrier was visible through one of the same windows, performance was at chance. Toddlers’ search for a hidden object therefore is affected by the proximity of a visible part of the object, though not by the proximity of a separate visible landmark. These ﬁndings suggest a parallel between the object representations of young children and those of adults, whose attention is directed to objects and spreads in a gradient-like fashion within an object.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library||
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Rachel Keen & Elizabeth S. Spelke, Young Children's Representations of Spatial and Functional Relations Between Objects.
Philip J. Kellman & Elizabeth S. Spelke (1983). Perception of Partly Occluded Objects in Infancy* 1. Cognitive Psychology 15 (4):483â524.
Craig French (forthcoming). Object Seeing and Spatial Perception. In Fiona MacPherson, Martine Nida-Rümelin & Fabian Dorsch (eds.), Phenomenal Presence.
Teresa McCormack & Christoph Hoerl (2007). Young Children's Reasoning About the Order of Past Events. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology 98 (3):168-183.
P. W. Jusczyk, S. P. Johnson, E. S. Spelke & L. J. Kennedy (1999). Synchronous Change and Perception of Object Unity: Evidence From Adults and Infants. Cognition 71 (3):257-88.
Thomas A. Stoffregen (2004). There May Not Be an a-Not-B Error. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (5):708-709.
Glyn W. Humphreys & M. Jane Riddoch (2007). How to Define an Object: Evidence From the Effects of Action on Perception and Attention. Mind and Language 22 (5):534–547.
Bruce Bridgeman (1999). Implicit and Explicit Representations of Visual Space. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (5):759-760.
Paul Bloom (2008). Children Prefer Certain Individuals Over Perfect Duplicates. Cognition 106 (1):455-462.
Added to index2010-12-22
Total downloads9 ( #245,720 of 1,724,771 )
Recent downloads (6 months)7 ( #93,245 of 1,724,771 )
How can I increase my downloads?