David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of Medical Ethics 31 (1):48-55 (2005)
There is no issue more central to the abortion debate than the controversial issue of whether the fetus is a moral person. Abortion-rights opponents almost universally claim that abortion is murder and should be legally prohibited because the fetus is a moral person at the moment of conception. Abortion-rights proponents almost universally deny the crucial assumption that the fetus is a person; on their view, whatever moral disvalue abortion involves does not rise to the level of murder and hence does not rise to the level of something that should be legally prohibited.In this essay, I argue that, under dualist assumptions about the nature of mind, the fetus is not a person until brain activity has begun.i First, I argue it is a necessary condition for a thing to be a moral person that it is a self. Second, I argue it is a necessary condition for a fetus to be a self, under dualist assumptions, that there has been some electrical activity in the brain. I conclude that a dualist can take the position that abortion ought to be legally permitted at least until the beginning of brain activity in the fetus
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Allan Bäck (2004). What is Being Qua Being? Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 82 (1):37-58.
Arto Laitinen (2002). Interpersonal Recognition: A Response to Value or a Precondition of Personhood? Inquiry 45 (4):463 – 478.
Dan Ernst (2008). Neuroscience and Personhood. Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 25:21-28.
Dorothea Debus (2013). Thinking About the Past and Experiencing the Past. Mind and Language 28 (1):20-54.
Gregory E. Ganssle (2005). Metaphysics, Ethics and Personhood. Faith and Philosophy 22 (3):370-376.
Kenneth Einar Himma (2003). What Philosophy of Mind Can Tell Us About the Morality of Abortion. International Journal of Applied Philosophy 17 (1):89-109.
Jo Difford (2012). Doubts About a Classic Defence of Abortion. Human Reproduction and Genetic Ethics 17 (1):122-129.
Hon-Lam Li (1997). Abortion and Degrees of Personhood: Understanding the Impasse of the Abortion Problem. Public Affairs Quarterly 11 (1):1-19.
Gregory E. Ganssle (2005). Metaphysics, Ethics and Personhood: A Response to Kevin Corcoran. Faith and Philosophy 22 (3):370-376.
Lisa Bortolotti (2010). Can the Subject-of-a-Life Criterion Help Grant Rights to Non-Persons? In Matti Häyry (ed.), Arguments and Analysis in Bioethics. Rodopi.
F. M. Kamm (1992). Creation and Abortion: A Study in Moral and Legal Philosophy. Oxford University Press.
Peter Furlong (2009). The Latin Avicenna and Aquinas on the Relationship Between God and the Subject of Metaphysics. Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 83:129-140.
Added to index2010-08-24
Total downloads8 ( #187,474 of 1,413,407 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #154,345 of 1,413,407 )
How can I increase my downloads?