The Contingency of Evil: Rethinking the Problem of Universal Evil in Kant's 'Religion'

In Oliver Thorndike (ed.), Rethinking Kant: Volume 3. Cambridge Scholars (2011)
In this paper I explore how three seemingly incompatible Kantian theses–a libertarian notion of freedom, the inscrutability of one’s fundamental moral maxim, and the ubiquity of evil–can each be maintained without contradiction. I do this by arguing against the popular notion that in his 'Religion within the Bounds of Mere Reason,' Kant attributes 'radical evil' to all human beings.
Keywords Kant  evil  Religion within the Bounds of mere Reason
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Sam Duncan (2012). Moral Evil, Freedom and the Goodness of God: Why Kant Abandoned Theodicy. British Journal for the History of Philosophy 20 (5):973-991.
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