David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Minds and Machines 18 (2):227-238 (2008)
This paper deals with the rationalist assumptions behind researches of artificial intelligence (AI) on the basis of Hubert Dreyfus’s critique. Dreyfus is a leading American philosopher known for his rigorous critique on the underlying assumptions of the field of artificial intelligence. Artificial intelligence specialists, especially those whose view is commonly dubbed as “classical AI,” assume that creating a thinking machine like the human brain is not a too far away project because they believe that human intelligence works on the basis of formalized rules of logic. In contradistinction to classical AI specialists, Dreyfus contends that it is impossible to create intelligent computer programs analogous to the human brain because the workings of human intelligence is entirely different from that of computing machines. For Dreyfus, the human mind functions intuitively and not formally. Following Dreyfus, this paper aims to pinpointing the major flaws classical AI suffers from. The author of this paper believes that pinpointing these flaws would inform inquiries on and about artificial intelligence. Over and beyond this, this paper contributes something indisputably original. It strongly argues that classical AI research programs have, though inadvertently, falsified an entire epistemological enterprise of the rationalists not in theory as philosophers do but in practice. When AI workers were trying hard in order to produce a machine that can think like human minds, they have in a way been testing—and testing it up to the last point—the rationalist assumption that the workings of the human mind depend on logical rules. Result: No computers actually function like the human mind. Reason: the human mind does not depend on the formal or logical rules ascribed to computers. Thus, symbolic AI research has falsified the rationalist assumption that ‘the human mind reaches certainty by functioning formally’ by virtue of its failure to create a thinking machine.
|Keywords||Artificial intelligence Classical AI research programs Rationalist epistemology Dreyfus's critique Falsifying rationalist theory of knowledge|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Margaret A. Boden (ed.) (1990). The Philosophy of Artificial Intelligence. Oxford University Press.
P. T. Durbin (2004). Two Works on the Philosophy of Technology in North America (Review Essay). Metaphilosophy 35 (4):583-592.
Citations of this work BETA
Dongming Xu (2010). Beyond Simon's Means-Ends Analysis: Natural Creativity and the Unanswered 'Why' in the Design of Intelligent Systems for Problem-Solving. [REVIEW] Minds and Machines 20 (3):327-347.
Similar books and articles
John Haugeland (ed.) (1997). Mind Design II: Philosophy, Psychology, Artificial Intelligence. Cambridge: MIT Press.
Hubert L. Dreyfus (1986). Misrepresenting Human Intelligence. Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 61 (4):430-441.
Christian Lotz (2007). Cognitivism and Practical Intentionality: A Critique of Dreyfus's Critique of Husserl. International Philosophical Quarterly 47 (2):153-166.
Zenon W. Pylyshyn (1975). Minds, Machines and Phenomenology: Some Reflections on Dreyfus' What Computers Can't Do. Cognition 3 (1):57-77.
Matjaz Gams (ed.) (1997). Mind Versus Computer: Were Dreyfus and Winograd Right? Amsterdam: IOS Press.
Philip Brey (2001). Hubert Dreyfus: Humans Versus Computers. In American Philosophy of Technology: The Empirical Turn. Bloomington: Indiana University Press
Jethro Masís (2011). El Mito de Lo Mental: El Proyecto de Investigación de la Inteligencia Artificial y la Transformación Hermenéutica de la Fenomenología (Primera Parte). Eikasís. Revista de Filosofía (41).
Andler (2000). Context and Background. Dreyfus and Cognitive Science. In W. Wrathall (ed.), Heidegger, Coping and Cognitive Science, Cambridge.
Evan Selinger (2008). Collins's Incorrect Depiction of Dreyfus's Critique of Artificial Intelligence. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 7 (2):301-308.
Mark Wrathall & Sean Kelly (1996). Existential Phenomenology and Cognitive Science. Electronic Journal of Analytic Philosophy (4).
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads60 ( #73,075 of 1,911,312 )
Recent downloads (6 months)7 ( #96,279 of 1,911,312 )
How can I increase my downloads?