David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 10 (4):445-462 (2011)
Individualism is not only a Western tradition. In the Zhuangzi we can also identify some elements which may be appropriately attributed to “individualism.” However, due to its particular cultural and philosophical background, Zhuangzian individualism has unique characteristics, which distinguish it from the variety of other individualist thoughts that have emerged in the West. Zhuangzi has a dynamic and open view on individual “self,” considering individuals as changing and unique beings rather than fixed and interchangeable “atoms”; he sets the unlimited Dao as the ultimate source for individuals to conform to, thus releasing individual mind into a realm of infinite openness and freedom. The Zhuangzian individualism is “inward” rather than “outward,” concentrating on individual spirit rather than material interests and rights in social reality. The individualism in the Zhuangzi provides a spiritual space for the development of individuality in ancient China. It also provides an alternative understanding of individual as an existence
|Keywords||Individualism Zhuangzi Daoism|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Burton Watson (ed.) (1968). The Complete Works of Chuang Tzu. Columbia University Press.
Ambrose Yc King (1985). The Individual and Group in Confucianism: A Relational Perspective. In Donald J. Munro (ed.), Individualism and Holism: Studies in Confucian and Taoist Values. Center for Chinese Studies, University of Michigan
A. C. Graham (1985). The Right to Selfishness: Yangism, Later Mohism, Chuang Tzu. In Donald J. Munro (ed.), Individualism and Holism: Studies in Confucian and Taoist Values. Center for Chinese Studies, University of Michigan 73--84.
Wolfgang Bauer (1985). The Hidden Hero: Creation and Disintegration of the Ideal of Eremitism. In Donald J. Munro (ed.), Individualism and Holism: Studies in Confucian and Taoist Values. Center for Chinese Studies, University of Michigan
Chad Hansen (1985). Individualism in Chinese Thought. In Donald J. Munro (ed.), Individualism and Holism: Studies in Confucian and Taoist Values. Center for Chinese Studies, University of Michigan 35--56.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Keqian Xu (2011). A Different Type of Individualism in Zhuangzi. Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 10 (4):445-462.
Eric Mack (1999). In Defense of Individualism. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 2 (2):87-115.
Alan Levinovitz (2012). The Zhuangzi and You 遊: Defining an Ideal Without Contradiction. Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 11 (4):479-496.
Brian Epstein (2009). Ontological Individualism Reconsidered. Synthese 166 (1):187-213.
Mario Bunge (2000). Ten Modes of Individualism--None of Which Works--And Their Alternatives. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 30 (3):384-406.
Zhaohui Bao (2010). The Advantages, Shortcomings, and Existential Issues of Zhuangzi's Use of Images. Frontiers of Philosophy in China 5 (2):196-211.
Hans Bernhard Schmid (2008). Plural Action. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 38 (1):25-54.
Nakia S. Pope, Recovery of the Lost Individual: A Deweyan Examination of Individuality and Community.
Denis M. Walsh (1999). Alternative Individualism. Philosophy of Science 66 (4):628-648.
James M. Albrecht (2012). Reconstructing Individualism: A Pragmatic Tradition From Emerson to Ellison. Fordham University Press.
Thomas C. Heller & Christine Brooke-Rose (eds.) (1986). Reconstructing Individualism: Autonomy, Individuality, and the Self in Western Thought. Stanford University Press.
Charles E. Marske (1987). Durkheim's "Cult of the Individual" and the Moral Reconstitution of Society. Sociological Theory 5 (1):1-14.
Robert A. Wilson (2004). Recent Work on Individualism in the Social, Behavioural, and Biological Sciences. Biology and Philosophy 19 (3):397-423.
Robert A. Wilson (2000). Some Problems for Alternative Individualism. Philosophy of Science 67 (4):671-679.
Added to index2011-10-06
Total downloads20 ( #197,743 of 1,934,966 )
Recent downloads (6 months)4 ( #146,443 of 1,934,966 )
How can I increase my downloads?