David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Episteme 4 (3):368-381 (2007)
I present an account of what it is to trust a speaker, and argue that the account can explain the common intuitions which structure the debate about the transmission view of testimony. According to the suggested account, to trust a speaker is to grant her epistemic authority on the asserted proposition, and hence to see her opinion as issuing a second order, preemptive reason for believing the proposition. The account explains the intuitive appeal of the basic principle associated with the transmission view of testimony: the principle according to which, a listener can normally obtain testimonial knowledge that p by believing a speaker who testifies that p only if the speaker knows that p. It also explains a common response to counterexamples to this principle: that these counterexamples do not involve normal cases of testimonial knowledge
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References found in this work BETA
John Hawthorne (2003). Knowledge and Lotteries. Oxford University Press.
Timothy Williamson (2000). Knowledge and its Limits. Oxford University Press.
J. Adler (2002). Belief's Own Ethics. MIT Press.
Peter K. Unger (1975). Ignorance: A Case for Scepticism. Oxford University Press.
Angus Ross (1986). Why Do We Believe What We Are Told? Ratio (1):69-88.
Citations of this work BETA
Stephen Wright (2016). Internalism in the Epistemology of Testimony. Erkenntnis 81 (1):69-86.
Arnon Keren (2014). Trust and Belief: A Preemptive Reasons Account. Synthese 191 (12):2593-2615.
Axel Gelfert (2013). Coverage-Reliability, Epistemic Dependence, and the Problem of Rumor-Based Belief. Philosophia 41 (3):763-786.
Benjamin W. McCraw (2015). The Nature of Epistemic Trust. Social Epistemology 29 (4):413-430.
Ryan W. Davis (2014). The Authority of God and the Meaning of the Atonement. Religious Studies 50 (4):405-423.
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