David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Science and Engineering Ethics 18 (1):91-102 (2012)
This paper analyses the nature of the relationship between risk and responsibility. Since neither the concept of risk nor the concept of responsibility has an unequivocal definition, it is obvious that there is no single interpretation of their relationship. After introducing the different meanings of responsibility used in this paper, we analyse four conceptions of risk. This allows us to make their link with responsibility explicit and to determine if a shift in the connection between risk and responsibility can be outlined. (1) In the engineer’s paradigm, the quantitative conception of risk does not include any concept of responsibility. Their relationship is indirect, the locus of responsibility being risk management. (2) In Mary Douglas’ cultural theory, risks are constructed through the responsibilities they engage. (3) Rayner and (4) Wolff go further by integrating forms of responsibility in the definition of risk itself. Analysis of these four frameworks shows that the concepts of risk and responsibility are increasingly intertwined. This tendency is reinforced by increasing public awareness and a call for the integration of a moral dimension in risk management. Therefore, we suggest that a form of virtue-responsibility should also be integrated in the concept of risk
|Keywords||Risk Responsibility Models of risk Cultural theory Virtue|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Sven Ove Hansson (2004). Philosophical Perspectives on Risk. Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 8 (1):10-35.
John Ladd (1991). Bhopal: An Essay on Moral Responsibility and Civic Virtue. Journal of Social Philosophy 22 (1):73-91.
Hans Lenk & Matthias Maring (2001). 8 Responsibility and Technology. In Ann Elisabeth Auhagen & Hans Werner Bierhoff (eds.), Responsibility: The Many Faces of a Social Phenomenon. Routledge. 93.
Steve Rayner (1992). Cultural Theory and Risk Analysis. In S. Krimsky & D. Golding (eds.), Social Theories of Risk. Praeger. 83--115.
Jonathan Wolff (2006). Risk, Fear, Blame, Shame and the Regulation of Public Safety. Economics and Philosophy 22 (3):409-427.
Citations of this work BETA
Neelke Doorn & Ibo van de Poel (2012). Editors' Overview: Moral Responsibility in Technology and Engineering. Science and Engineering Ethics 18 (1):1-11.
Andreas R. Köhler (2013). Material Scarcity: A Reason for Responsibility in Technology Development and Product Design. [REVIEW] Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (3):1165-1179.
Similar books and articles
Bryan W. Husted (2005). Risk Management, Real Options, Corporate Social Responsibility. Journal of Business Ethics 60 (2):175 - 183.
N. Athanassoulis & A. Ross (2010). A Virtue Ethical Account of Making Decisions About Risk. Journal of Risk Research 13 (2):217.
John Kadvany (1997). Varieties of Risk Representations. Journal of Social Philosophy 28 (3):123-143.
A. Salama, K. Anderson & J. S. Toms (2011). Does Community and Environmental Responsibility Affect Firm Risk? Evidence From UK Panel Data 1994–2006. Business Ethics 20 (2):192-204.
Linda C. Rodríguez & Ivan Montiel (2011). A Conceptualization of How Firms Invest in CSR Based on Country Risk. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 22:309-315.
Stale Fredriksen (2005). Luck, Risk, and Blame. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 30 (5):535 – 553.
Suzanne M. Uniacke (2005). Responsibility and Obligation: Some Kantian Directions. International Journal of Philosophical Studies 13 (4):461 – 475.
Gregory Mellema (1988). Groups, Responsibility, and Risk Taking in Business Organizations. Journal of Business Ethics 7 (8):593 - 603.
Gary E. Marchant, Douglas J. Sylvester & Kenneth W. Abbott (2008). Risk Management Principles for Nanotechnology. NanoEthics 2 (1):43-60.
E. Marchant Gary, J. Sylvester Douglas & W. Abbott Kenneth (2008). Risk Management Principles for Nanotechnology. NanoEthics 2 (1).
Louis Eeckhoudt & Béatrice Rey (2011). Risk Vulnerability: A Graphical Interpretation. Theory and Decision 71 (2):227-234.
Michael S. Moore (2009). Causation and Responsibility: An Essay in Law, Morals, and Metaphysics. OUP Oxford.
Thomas Kenner & Karl P. Pfeiffer (1986). The Risk Concept in Medicine — Statistical and Epidemiological Aspects: A Case Report for Applied Mathematics in Cardiology. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 7 (3).
Added to index2010-11-22
Total downloads26 ( #70,134 of 1,099,741 )
Recent downloads (6 months)5 ( #66,629 of 1,099,741 )
How can I increase my downloads?