What is altruism?
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Altruism is generally understood to be behavior that benefits others at a personal cost to the behaving individual. However, within evolutionary biology, different authors have interpreted the concept of altruism differently, leading to dissimilar predictions about the evolution of altruistic behavior. Generally, different interpretations diverge on which party receives the benefit from altruism and on how the cost of altruism is assessed. Using a simple trait-group framework, we delineate the assumptions underlying different interpretations and show how they relate to one another. We feel that a thorough examination of the connections between interpretations not only reveals why different authors have arrived at disparate conclusions about altruism, but also illuminates the conditions that are likely to favor the evolution of altruism.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library||
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Adrian Furnham, Luke Treglown, Gillian Hyde & Geoff Trickey (forthcoming). The Bright and Dark Side of Altruism: Demographic, Personality Traits, and Disorders Associated with Altruism. Journal of Business Ethics.
Pierrick Bourrat (forthcoming). Distinguishing Natural Selection From Other Evolutionary Processes in the Evolution of Altruism. Biological Theory.
Pamela Lyon (2007). From Quorum to Cooperation: Lessons From Bacterial Sociality for Evolutionary Theory. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 38 (4):820-833.
Johannes Martens (2011). Social Evolution and Strategic Thinking. Biology and Philosophy 26 (5):697-715.
Peter Godfrey-Smith (2006). Local Interaction, Multilevel Selection, and Evolutionary Transitions. Biological Theory 1 (4):372-380.
Similar books and articles
James A. van Slyke (2010). Cognitive and Evolutionary Factors in the Emergence of Human Altruism. Zygon 45 (4):841-859.
Sangeetha Menon (2007). Basics of Spiritual Altruism. Journal of Transpersonal Psychology 39 (2):137-152.
Alejandro Rosas (2008). Multilevel Selection and Human Altruism. Biology and Philosophy 23 (2):205-215.
Jurgen de Wispelaere (2004). Altruism, Impartiality, and Moral Demands. In Jonathan Seglow (ed.), Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy. F. Cass Publishers 9-33.
Christine Clavien & Michel Chapuisat (2013). Altruism Across Disciplines: One Word, Multiple Meanings. Biology and Philosophy 28 (1):125-140.
Alan carter (2005). Evolution and the Problem of Altruism. Philosophical Studies 123 (3):213-230.
Stephen G. Morris (2005). Identifying the Explanatory Weakness of Strong Altruism: The Needle in the `Haystack Model'. Philosophy of Science 72 (5):1124-1134.
Jonathan Seglow (2004). Altruism and Freedom. In Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy. F. Cass Publishers 145-163.
Grant Ramsey & Robert Brandon (2011). Why Reciprocal Altruism is Not a Kind of Group Selection. Biology and Philosophy 26 (3):385-400.
Added to index2009-09-26
Total downloads59 ( #55,938 of 1,724,750 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #349,121 of 1,724,750 )
How can I increase my downloads?