What is altruism?
|Abstract||Altruism is generally understood to be behavior that benefits others at a personal cost to the behaving individual. However, within evolutionary biology, different authors have interpreted the concept of altruism differently, leading to dissimilar predictions about the evolution of altruistic behavior. Generally, different interpretations diverge on which party receives the benefit from altruism and on how the cost of altruism is assessed. Using a simple trait-group framework, we delineate the assumptions underlying different interpretations and show how they relate to one another. We feel that a thorough examination of the connections between interpretations not only reveals why different authors have arrived at disparate conclusions about altruism, but also illuminates the conditions that are likely to favor the evolution of altruism.|
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|External links||This entry has no external links. Add one.|
|Through your library||Only published papers are available at libraries|
Similar books and articles
James A. van Slyke (2010). Cognitive and Evolutionary Factors in the Emergence of Human Altruism. Zygon 45 (4):841-859.
Grant Ramsey & Robert Brandon (2011). Why Reciprocal Altruism is Not a Kind of Group Selection. Biology and Philosophy 26 (3):385-400.
Jonathan Seglow (2004). Altruism and Freedom. In Jonathan Seglow (ed.), The Ethics of Altruism. F. Cass Publishers.
Stephen G. Morris (2005). Identifying the Explanatory Weakness of Strong Altruism: The Needle in the `Haystack Model'. Philosophy of Science 72 (5):1124-1134.
Alan carter (2005). Evolution and the Problem of Altruism. Philosophical Studies 123 (3):213-230.
Christine Clavien & Michel Chapuisat (2013). Altruism Across Disciplines: One Word, Multiple Meanings. Biology and Philosophy 28 (1):125-140.
Jurgen de Wispelaere (2004). Altruism, Impartiality, and Moral Demands. In Jonathan Seglow (ed.), The Ethics of Altruism. F. Cass Publishers.
Alejandro Rosas (2008). Multilevel Selection and Human Altruism. Biology and Philosophy 23 (2):205-215.
Sangeetha Menon (2007). Basics of Spiritual Altruism. Journal of Transpersonal Psychology 39 (2):137-152.
Added to index2009-09-26
Total downloads60 ( #15,983 of 549,124 )
Recent downloads (6 months)5 ( #15,205 of 549,124 )
How can I increase my downloads?