David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of Business Ethics 12 (4):313 - 321 (1993)
Expert systems are knowledge-based information systems which are expected to have human attributes in order to replicate human capacity in ethical decision making. An expert system functions by virtue of its information, its inferential rules, and its decision criteria, each of which may be problematic. This paper addresses three basic reasons for ethical concern when using the currently available expert systems in a decisions-making capacity. These reasons are (1) expert systems' lack of human intelligence, (2) expert systems' lack of emotions and values, and (3) expert systems' possible incorporation of intentional or accidental bias. For these reasons artificial ethics seems to be science fiction. Consequently, expert systems should be used only in an advising capacity and managers should not absolve themselves from legal and ethical responsibility when using expert systems in decision making.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Omar E. M. Khalil & Ahmed A. S. Seleim (2012). Attitudes Towards Information Ethics: A View From Egypt. Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 10 (4):240-261.
Similar books and articles
David B. Paradice & Roy M. Dejoie (1991). The Ethical Decision-Making Processes of Information Systems Workers. Journal of Business Ethics 10 (1):1 - 21.
William Bonner (2007). Locating a Space for Ethics to Appear in Decision-Making: Privacy as an Exemplar. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 70 (3):221 - 234.
Mirit Shamir, Lior Shamir & Mary H. Durfee (2007). The Application of Fuzzy Logic to the Precautionary Principle. Artificial Intelligence and Law 15 (4):411-427.
Emma Rooksby (2009). How to Be a Responsible Slave: Managing the Use of Expert Information Systems. [REVIEW] Ethics and Information Technology 11 (1):81-90.
Go Eguchi & Laurence L. Leff (2002). Rule-Based XML. Artificial Intelligence and Law 10 (4):283-294.
Peter Hucklenbroich (1988). Problems of Nomenclature and Classification in Medical Expert Systems. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 9 (2).
Kieran Mathieson (2007). Towards a Design Science of Ethical Decision Support. Journal of Business Ethics 76 (3):269 - 292.
Roger M. Cooke (1991). Experts in Uncertainty: Opinion and Subjective Probability in Science. Oxford University Press.
István Borgulya (1999). Two Examples of Decision Support in the Law. Artificial Intelligence and Law 7 (2-3):303-321.
Willard Downs & Kelley Ann Newton (1989). Legal Implications in Development and Use of Expert Systems in Agriculture. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 2 (1):53-58.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads9 ( #157,233 of 1,101,142 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #290,630 of 1,101,142 )
How can I increase my downloads?