David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
British Journal for the History of Philosophy 11 (3):379 – 394 (2003)
This essay will explore some of al-Farabı’s paradoxical remarks on the nature and status of the democratic city (al-madınah al-jama`ıyyah). In describing this type of non-virtuous city, Farabı departs significantly from Plato, according the democratic city a superior standing and casting it in a more positive light. Even though at one point Farabı follows Plato in considering the timocratic city to be the best of the imperfect cities, at another point he implies that the democratic city occupies this position. Since Farabı’s discussion of imperfect cities is derived from Plato’s Republic and follows it in many important respects, I will argue that his departure from Plato in this context is significant and points to some revealing differences between the two philosophers. In order to demonstrate this, I will first set up a comparison between Plato’s conception of the democratic city and Farabı’s. Then I will propose three explanations for the greater appreciation that Farabı seems to have for democracy, as well as for the apparent contradiction in Farabı’s verdict concerning the second best city.
|Keywords||Farabi Arabic-Islamic Philosophy Democracy|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Bruce Rosenstock (1994). Athena's Cloak: Plato's Critique of the Democratic City in the Republic. Political Theory 22 (3):363-390.
Gerasimos Santas (2001). Plato's Criticism of the ``Democratic Man'' in the Republic. Journal of Ethics 5 (1):57-71.
Fārābī (2002). Al-Fārābī's Philosophical Lexicon =. E.J.W. Gibb Memorial Trust.
Loren A. King (2004). Democracy and City Life. Politics, Philosophy and Economics 3 (1):97-124.
Fārābī (1981). Al-Farabi's Commentary and Short Treatise on Aristotle's De Interpretatione. Published for the British Academy by Oxford University Press.
Fārābī (1985). Al-Farabi on the Perfect State: Abū Naṣr Al-Fārābī's Mabādiʼ Ārāʼ Ahl Al-Madīna Al-Fāḍila: A Revised Text with Introduction, Translation, and Commentary. Oxford University Press.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads32 ( #79,541 of 1,696,808 )
Recent downloads (6 months)4 ( #145,135 of 1,696,808 )
How can I increase my downloads?