Material Scarcity: A Reason for Responsibility in Technology Development and Product Design [Book Review]
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (3):1165-1179 (2013)
There are warning signs for impending scarcity of certain technology metals that play a critical role in high-tech products. The scarce elements are indispensable for the design of modern technologies with superior performance. Material scarcity can restrain future innovations and presents therefore a serious risk that must be counteracted. However, the risk is often underrated in the pursuit of technological progress. Many innovators seem to be inattentive to the limitations in availability of critical resources and the possible implications thereof. The present shortages in industrial supply with technology metals may be interpreted as a wake-up call for technology developers to tackle the issue with due consideration. The article reviews the materials scarcity phenomenon from the viewpoint of sustainable development ethics. The following questions are discussed: ‘Should preventative actions be taken today in order to mitigate resource scarcity in future?’ and ‘Should technology developers feel responsible to do this?’ The discussion presents arguments for industrial designers and engineers to create a sense of responsibility for the proactive mitigation of material scarcity. Being protagonists of the innovation system, they have the opportunity to lead change towards resource-aware technology development. The paper concludes by outlining ideas on how they can pioneer sustainable management of critical materials
|Keywords||Eco-design Eco-innovation PGM REE Resource depletion Precautionary principle Sustainability ethics Sustainable resource management|
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References found in this work BETA
Lukas Meyer, Intergenerational Justice. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Céline Kermisch (2012). Risk and Responsibility: A Complex and Evolving Relationship. Science and Engineering Ethics 18 (1):91-102.
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