The evolution of sustainability

Six separate but related strains of thought have emerged prominently since 1950 in discussions of such phenomena as the interrelationships among rates of population growth, resource use, and pressure on the environment. They are the ecological/carrying capacity root, the resources/environment root, the biosphere root, the critique of technology root, the no growth/slow growth root, and the ecodevelopment root.Each of these strains of thought was fully developed before the word sustainable itself was used. Many of the roots are based on fundamentally opposing assessments of the future of mankind. Many of the roots, such as the ecology/carrying capacity root, are based on physical concepts, and they exclude normative values. Others, such as the ecodevelopment root, include such values as equity, broad participation in governance, and decentralized government.
Keywords sustainability  environment  ecology  development  resources  carrying capacity  eco development
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DOI 10.1007/BF01965413
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Coral B. Ingley (2008). Company Growth and Board Attitudes to Corporate Social Responsibility. International Journal of Business Governance and Ethics 4 (1):17-39.

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