Observations on the Responsible Development and Use of Computational Models and Simulations

Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (1):63-81 (2013)
Abstract
Most previous works on responsible conduct of research have focused on good practices in laboratory experiments. Because computation now rivals experimentation as a mode of scientific research, we sought to identify the responsibilities of researchers who develop or use computational modeling and simulation. We interviewed nineteen experts to collect examples of ethical issues from their experiences in conducting research with computational models. We gathered their recommendations for guidelines for computational research. Informed by these interviews, we describe the respective professional responsibilities of developers and users of computational models in research. In particular, we examine whether developers should disclose the full computational codes, and we explain how developers and users should minimize harms from improper uses of models
Keywords Responsible conduct of research (RCR)  Computational model  Simulation  Verification  Validation  Assumptions  Algorithms  Disclosure
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    Paul Thagard (1986). Computational Models in the Philosophy of Science. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1986:329 - 335.
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