David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Mind and Language 22 (3):297–316 (2007)
Are incorrect judgments on false belief tasks better explained within the framework of a conceptual change theory or a bias theory? Conceptual change theory posits a change in the form of reasoning from 3 to 4 years old while bias theory posits that processing factors are responsible for errors among younger children. The results from three experiments showed that children who failed a test of false belief took as long to respond as those who passed, and both groups of children took longer to respond to belief questions than to questions about prior states of reality. These results seem to support the bias theory.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Daniel Dennett (1978). Why a Machine Can't Feel Pain. In Daniel C. Dennet (ed.), Brainstorms: Philosophical Essays on Mind and Psychology. Bradford Books.
J. A. Fodor (1992). A Theory of the Child's Theory of Mind. Cognition 44 (3):283-296.
Alison Gopnik (1993). How We Know Our Minds: The Illusion of First-Person Knowledge of Intentionality. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (1):1.
Boaz Keysar, Shuhong Lin & Dale J. Barr (2003). Limits on Theory of Mind Use in Adults. Cognition 89 (1):25-41.
Alan M. Leslie & Laila Thaiss (1992). Domain Specificity in Conceptual Development: Neuropsychological Evidence From Autism. Cognition 43 (3):225-251.
Citations of this work BETA
Elisa Back & Ian A. Apperly (2010). Two Sources of Evidence on the Non-Automaticity of True and False Belief Ascription. Cognition 115 (1):54-70.
Zijing He Renée Baillargeon, Rose M. Scott (2010). False-Belief Understanding in Infants. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 14 (3):110.
Similar books and articles
Paul Bloom (2008). Children Prefer Certain Individuals Over Perfect Duplicates. Cognition 106 (1):455-462.
Rachel Keen & Elizabeth S. Spelke, Young Children's Representations of Spatial and Functional Relations Between Objects.
Jonathan St B. T. Evans & Jodie Curtis-Holmes (2005). Rapid Responding Increases Belief Bias: Evidence for the Dual-Process Theory of Reasoning. Thinking and Reasoning 11 (4):382 – 389.
Darren Bradley (2007). Bayesianism And Self-Locating Beliefs. Dissertation, Stanford University
Joseph A. Hedger & William V. Fabricius (2011). True Belief Belies False Belief: Recent Findings of Competence in Infants and Limitations in 5-Year-Olds, and Implications for Theory of Mind Development. Review of Philosophy and Psychology 2 (3):429-447.
Josef Perner, Susan R. Leekam, Deborah Myers, Shalini Davis & Nicola Odgers, Misrepresentation and Referential Confusion: Children's Difficulty with False Beliefs and Outdated Photographs.
Darren Bradley (2013). Dynamic Beliefs and the Passage of Time. In A. Capone & N. Feit (eds.), Attitudes De Se. University of Chicago.
Liesbeth Flobbe, Rineke Verbrugge, Petra Hendriks & Irene Krämer (2008). Children's Application of Theory of Mind in Reasoning and Language. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 17 (4):417-442.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads7 ( #212,717 of 1,679,474 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #182,904 of 1,679,474 )
How can I increase my downloads?