David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Nursing Philosophy 11 (1):3-14 (2010)
Reflective practice is one of the most popular theories of professional knowledge in the last 20 years and has been widely adopted by nursing, health, and social care professions. The term was coined by Donald Schön in his influential books The Reflective Practitioner , and Educating the Reflective Practitioner , and has garnered the unprecedented attention of theorists and practitioners of professional education and practice. Reflective practice has been integrated into professional preparatory programmes, continuing education programmes, and by the regulatory bodies of a wide range of health and social care professions. Yet, despite its popularity and widespread adoption, a problem frequently raised in the literature concerns the lack of conceptual clarity surrounding the term reflective practice. This paper seeks to respond to this problem by offering an analysis of the epistemology of reflective practice as revealed through a critical examination of philosophical influences within the theory. The aim is to discern philosophical underpinnings of reflective practice in order to advance increasingly coherent interpretations, and to consider the implications for conceptions of professional knowledge in professional life. The paper briefly examines major philosophical underpinnings in reflective practice to explicate central themes that inform the epistemological assumptions of the theory. The study draws on the work of Donald Schön, and on texts from four philosophers: John Dewey, Nelson Goodman, Michael Polanyi, and Gilbert Ryle. Five central epistemological themes in reflective practice are illuminated: (1) a broad critique of technical rationality; (2) professional practice knowledge as artistry; (3) constructivist assumptions in the theory; (4) the significance of tacit knowledge for professional practice knowledge; and (5) overcoming mind body dualism to recognize the knowledge revealed in intelligent action. The paper reveals that the theory of reflective practice is concerned with deep epistemological questions of significance to conceptions of knowledge in health and social care professions.
|Keywords||philosophy of science theory–practice knowledge|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Thomas M. Alexander (1987). John Dewey's Theory of Art, Experience, and Nature: The Horizons of Feeling. State University of New York Press.
Richard J. Bernstein (1992). The New Constellation: The Ethical-Political Horizons of Modernity/Postmodernity. Mit Press.
John Dewey (1998). Experience and Education. Kappa Delta Pi.
John Dewey (2008/1958). Experience and Nature. McCutchen Pr.
John Dewey (1910). How We Think. D.C. Heath.
Citations of this work BETA
Derek Sellman (2010). Musings on Reflective Practice as a Grand Idea. Nursing Philosophy 11 (3):149-150.
Sioban Nelson (2012). The Lost Path to Emancipatory Practice: Towards a History of Reflective Practice in Nursing. Nursing Philosophy 13 (3):202-213.
Henriëtta Joosten (2013). Learning and Teaching in Uncertain Times: A Nietzschean Approach in Professional Higher Education. Journal of Philosophy of Education 47 (4):548-563.
Similar books and articles
Gloria Dall'Alba (2009). Learning Professional Ways of Being: Ambiguities of Becoming. Educational Philosophy and Theory 41 (1):34-45.
Bruce Macfarlane (2004). Teaching with Integrity: The Ethics of Higher Education Practice. Routledgefalmer.
Adrian Ratkic (2013). Images of Reflection: On the Meanings of the Word Reflection in Different Learning Contexts. [REVIEW] AI and Society 28 (3):339-349.
Elizabeth Anne Kinsella phd (2007). Technical Rationality in Schön's Reflective Practice: Dichotomous or Non-Dualistic Epistemological Position. Nursing Philosophy 8 (2):102–113.
Theo van Willigenburg (1998). Norman Daniels: Justice and Justification. Reflective Equilibrium in Theory and Practice & Folke Tersman, Reflective Equilibrium. An Essay in Moral Epistemology. [REVIEW] Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 1 (1):129-132.
David Carr & Don Skinner (2009). The Cultural Roots of Professional Wisdom: Towards a Broader View of Teacher Expertise. Educational Philosophy and Theory 41 (2):141-154.
Paul McIntosh (2010). Action Research and Reflective Practice: Creative and Visual Methods to Facilitate Reflection and Learning. Routledge.
Francois-Igor Pris, The Instinctive Knowledge Without the Reflective Knowledge, and Vice Versa (in Russian).
Simone Galea (2012). Reflecting Reflective Practice. Educational Philosophy and Theory 44 (3):245-258.
Added to index2009-12-25
Total downloads93 ( #12,370 of 1,098,955 )
Recent downloads (6 months)9 ( #22,384 of 1,098,955 )
How can I increase my downloads?