David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Philosophy Compass 3 (4):830-853 (2008)
Contemporary Western culture is experiencing a heightened awareness of religious diversity. This article surveys a range of possible responses to such diversity, and distinguishes between responses that concern the salvation or moral transformation of persons (soteriological views) and those that concern the alethic or epistemic status of religious beliefs (doctrinal views). After providing a brief taxonomy of these positions and their possible relations to one another, the article focuses primarily on competing views about the truth and rationality of religious beliefs (e.g., pluralism, exclusivism, and skepticism). Here a heavy emphasis is placed on arguments for and against the rationality and moral propriety of retaining one's religious beliefs in the face of disagreement. The article surveys some of the more prominent arguments from the literature on this topic and closes with suggestions for further research.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
David Christensen (2007). Epistemology of Disagreement: The Good News. Philosophical Review 116 (2):187-217.
Adam Elga (2007). Reflection and Disagreement. Noûs 41 (3):478–502.
Alvin Plantinga (2000). Warranted Christian Belief. Oxford University Press.
Richard Feldman (2006). Epistemological Puzzles About Disagreement. In Stephen Hetherington (ed.), Epistemology Futures. Oxford University Press 216-236.
William P. Alston (1991). Perceiving God: The Epistemology of Religious Experience. Cornell University Press.
Citations of this work BETA
David Christensen (2009). Disagreement as Evidence: The Epistemology of Controversy. Philosophy Compass 4 (5):756-767.
Amir Dastmalchian (2013). The Epistemology of Religious Diversity in Contemporary Philosophy of Religion. Philosophy Compass 8 (3):298-308.
Michael Thune (2010). Religious Belief and the Epistemology of Disagreement. Philosophy Compass 5 (8):712-724.
Samuel Ruhmkorff (2013). The Incompatibility Problem and Religious Pluralism Beyond Hick. Philosophy Compass 8 (5):510-522.
Aaron Rizzieri (2011). Pragmatic Encroachment, Stakes, and Religious Knowledge. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 70 (3):217-229.
Similar books and articles
Larry Nucci (2003). Morality, Religion and Public Education in Pluralist Democracies: A Reply to Kunzman. Journal of Moral Education 32 (3):263-270.
James J. Delaney & Jeffrey Dueck (2003). A Rethinking of Contemporary Religious Tolerance. Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 77:73-82.
Gemma Cornelissen (2012). Belief-Based Exemptions: Are Religious Beliefs Special? Ratio Juris 25 (1):85-109.
Paul J. Griffiths (2001). Problems of Religious Diversity. Blackwell Publishers.
Philip L. Quinn & Kevin Meeker (eds.) (2000). The Philosophical Challenge of Religious Diversity. Oxford University Press.
Brian Ribeiro & Scott Aikin (2009). A Consistency Challenge for Moral and Religious Beliefs. Teaching Philosophy 32 (2):127-151.
Jerome Gellman (2000). In Defence of a Contented Religious Exclusivism. Religious Studies 36 (4):401-417.
Robert McKim (2001). Religious Ambiguity and Religious Diversity. Oxford University Press.
Andrew Koehl (2005). On Blanket Statements About the Epistemic Effects of Religious Diversity. Religious Studies 41 (4):395-414.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads112 ( #33,065 of 1,792,063 )
Recent downloads (6 months)13 ( #62,366 of 1,792,063 )
How can I increase my downloads?