David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Topics in Cognitive Science 3 (2):346-370 (2011)
We argue that word meanings are not stored in a mental lexicon but are generated in the context of working memory from long-term memory traces that record our experience with words. Current statistical models of semantics, such as latent semantic analysis and the Topic model, describe what is stored in long-term memory. The CI-2 model describes how this information is used to construct sentence meanings. This model is a dual-memory model, in that it distinguishes between a gist level and an explicit level. It also incorporates syntactic information about how words are used, derived from dependency grammar. The construction of meaning is conceptualized as feature sampling from the explicit memory traces, with the constraint that the sampling must be contextually relevant both semantically and syntactically. Semantic relevance is achieved by sampling topically relevant features; local syntactic constraints as expressed by dependency relations ensure syntactic relevance
|Keywords||Topics LSA Comprehension Predication Semantics Construction‐integration model Meaning|
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Lawrence W. Barsalou (1986). Are There Static Category Representations in Long-Term Memory? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 9 (4):651.
Simon Dennis (2005). A Memory‐Based Theory of Verbal Cognition. Cognitive Science 29 (2):145-193.
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Jeffrey L. Elman (2009). On the Meaning of Words and Dinosaur Bones: Lexical Knowledge Without a Lexicon. Cognitive Science 33 (4):547-582.
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Citations of this work BETA
Danielle S. McNamara (2011). Computational Methods to Extract Meaning From Text and Advance Theories of Human Cognition. Topics in Cognitive Science 3 (1):3-17.
Brennan R. Payne, Sarah Grison, Xuefei Gao, Kiel Christianson, Daniel G. Morrow & Elizabeth A. L. Stine-Morrow (2014). Aging and Individual Differences in Binding During Sentence Understanding: Evidence From Temporary and Global Syntactic Attachment Ambiguities. Cognition 130 (2):157-173.
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