David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Topics in Cognitive Science 3 (2):346-370 (2011)
We argue that word meanings are not stored in a mental lexicon but are generated in the context of working memory from long-term memory traces that record our experience with words. Current statistical models of semantics, such as latent semantic analysis and the Topic model, describe what is stored in long-term memory. The CI-2 model describes how this information is used to construct sentence meanings. This model is a dual-memory model, in that it distinguishes between a gist level and an explicit level. It also incorporates syntactic information about how words are used, derived from dependency grammar. The construction of meaning is conceptualized as feature sampling from the explicit memory traces, with the constraint that the sampling must be contextually relevant both semantically and syntactically. Semantic relevance is achieved by sampling topically relevant features; local syntactic constraints as expressed by dependency relations ensure syntactic relevance
|Keywords||Topics LSA Comprehension Predication Semantics Construction‐integration model Meaning|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Lawrence W. Barsalou (1986). Are There Static Category Representations in Long-Term Memory? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 9 (4):651.
Simon Dennis (2005). A Memory‐Based Theory of Verbal Cognition. Cognitive Science 29 (2):145-193.
Shimon Edelman (2008). Computing the Mind: How the Mind Really Works. Oxford University Press.
Jeffrey L. Elman (2009). On the Meaning of Words and Dinosaur Bones: Lexical Knowledge Without a Lexicon. Cognitive Science 33 (4):547-582.
Aravind K. Joshi (2004). Starting with Complex Primitives Pays Off: Complicate Locally, Simplify Globally. Cognitive Science 28 (5):637-668.
Citations of this work BETA
Danielle S. McNamara (2011). Computational Methods to Extract Meaning From Text and Advance Theories of Human Cognition. Topics in Cognitive Science 3 (1):3-17.
Brennan R. Payne, Sarah Grison, Xuefei Gao, Kiel Christianson, Daniel G. Morrow & Elizabeth A. L. Stine-Morrow (2014). Aging and Individual Differences in Binding During Sentence Understanding: Evidence From Temporary and Global Syntactic Attachment Ambiguities. Cognition 130 (2):157-173.
Similar books and articles
Joaquín M. Fuster (2003). More Than Working Memory Rides on Long-Term Memory. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (6):737-737.
David G. Stern (1991). Models of Memory: Wittgenstein and Cognitive Science. Philosophical Psychology 4 (2):203-18.
Jeroen G. W. Raaijmakers & Richard M. Shiffrin (2003). Models Versus Descriptions: Real Differences and Language Differences. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (6):753-753.
Georgios Constantine Pentzaropoulos (2011). Knowledge Acquisition as a Memory Renewal Process. Philosophy Pathways (159):Part I.
Barbara J. Knowlton & Indre V. Viskontas (2003). Retention Systems of the Brain: Evidence From Neuropsychological Patients. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (6):743-744.
Timothy P. McNamara (1997). Semantic Memory. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (1):30-31.
Marc W. Howard, Karthik H. Shankar & Udaya K. K. Jagadisan (2011). Constructing Semantic Representations From a Gradually Changing Representation of Temporal Context. Topics in Cognitive Science 3 (1):48-73.
Robert H. Logie & Sergio Della Sala (2003). Working Memory as a Mental Workspace: Why Activated Long-Term Memory is Not Enough. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (6):745-746.
Added to index2010-08-19
Total downloads48 ( #32,227 of 1,096,510 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #139,663 of 1,096,510 )
How can I increase my downloads?