David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Metaphilosophy 39 (3):345–362 (2008)
This article contends that Socratic wisdom (sophia) in Plato's Apology should be understood in relation to moderation (sophrosune), not knowledge (episteme). This stance is exemplified in an interpretation of Socrates' disavowal of knowledge. The god calls Socrates wise. Socrates holds both that he is wise in nothing great or small and that the god does not lie. These apparently inconsistent claims are resolved in an interpretation of elenchus. This interpretion says that Socrates is wise insofar as he does not believe himself to know what he does not know. Whether one knows is demonstrated through elenchus, which moderates between knowledge claims. Thus, elenchus is productive of a kind of wisdom even if it does not produce knowledge. This claim, if true, forms a suitable basis for Socrates' defense of himself. That it does so serves as further evidence for the interpretation of sophia as sophrosune.
|Keywords||wisdom moderation apology Socrates knowledge elenchus|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Kristoffer Ahlstrom-Vij (2012). What's so Good About a Wise and Knowledgeable Public? Acta Analytica 27 (2):199-216.
Similar books and articles
Gareth Matthews (2009). Whatever Became of the Socratic Elenchus? Philosophical Analysis in Plato. Philosophy Compass 4 (3):439-450.
Grace M. Ledbetter (2005). Rethinking the Elenchus G. A. Scott (Ed.): Does Socrates Have a Method? Rethinking the Elenchus in Plato's Dialogues and Beyond . Pp. Xiii + 327. University Park, PA: The Pennsylvania State University Press, 2002. Cased, US$45. ISBN: 0-271-02173-X. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 55 (02):426-.
J. D. G. Evans (1991). Plato's Apology C. D. C. Reeve: Socrates in the Apology. An Essay on Plato's Apology of Socrates. Pp. Xv + 207. Indianapolis and Cambridge, MA: Hackett, 1989. $24.50. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 41 (02):312-313.
Raphael Woolf (2008). Socratic Authority. Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 90 (1):1-38.
David Wolfsdorf (2008). Trials of Reason: Plato and the Crafting of Philosophy. Oxford University Press.
Lee Ward (2009). The Relation Between Politics and Philosophy in Plato's Apology of Socrates. International Philosophical Quarterly 49 (4):501-519.
Robert Talisse (2006). Socratic Citizenship. Philosophy in the Contemporary World 13 (2):4-10.
Gregory Vlastos (1971). The Philosophy of Socrates. Garden City, N.Y.,Anchor Books.
Gregory Vlastos (1980). The Philosophy of Socrates: A Collection of Critical Essays. University of Notre Dame Press.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads34 ( #48,875 of 1,096,651 )
Recent downloads (6 months)6 ( #39,873 of 1,096,651 )
How can I increase my downloads?