David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Early Vedic possesses a chameleon-like verb form called the injunctive, whose uses partly overlap with, and alternate with, those of the subjunctive, optative and imperative moods, and with the past and present tenses. Being morphologically tenseless and moodless, the injunctive has attracted interest from a comparative Indo-European perspective because it appears to be an archaic layer of the finite verb morphology. Its place and function in the verb system, however, remains disputed. In Kiparsky 1968 I argued that it is tenseless and moodless not only morphologically but also functionally, and that injunctive forms acquire modal and temporal interpretations only contextually. The injunctive’s only intrinsic grammatical features are aspect, voice and person/number. This paper provides new evidence for that view (section 1), and goes on to argue that such underspecified forms in paradigms support morpheme-based theories of morphology over realizational theories such as Paradigm Function Morphology (section 2), and that the rise and loss of the injunctive is connected to other changes in the pre- and post-Vedic aspect, tense, and mood system (section 3).
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library||
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Judith Tonhauser (2011). Temporal Reference in Paraguayan Guaraní, a Tenseless Language. Linguistics and Philosophy 34 (3):257-303.
Similar books and articles
James T. Tsai, 23(B)(2) Class Certification: Choosing an Approach for Certifying Civil Rights Discrimination Class Action Suits.
Shankar B. Chandekar (2000). Vedic Vision of the Universe: Interdisciplinary Study in Vedic Literature, Science, and Philosophy. University of Pune.
D. Wujastyk (1998). Science and Vedic Studies. Journal of Indian Philosophy 26 (4):335-345.
Lisa Matthewson (2006). Temporal Semantics in a Superficially Tenseless Language. Linguistics and Philosophy 29 (6):673 - 713.
H. C. Elmer (1898). The Aorist Injunctive in Latin. The Classical Review 12 (02):100-104.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads9 ( #156,823 of 1,100,792 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #289,565 of 1,100,792 )
How can I increase my downloads?