Graduate studies at Western
|Abstract||In a remarkable conﬁrmation of OT in an empirical domain for which it was not originally intended, phonological and morphological variation has been successfully modeled by partially ranked categorical constraints (Anttila 1997, 2002). Poetic meter is a good place to extend and test this approach to variation, because there is abundant and diverse quantitative data available for it, and because it is typically governed by a relatively small number of well-understood constraints. I report the results of four such studies here. They conﬁrm that choices among metrical options are governed by the interaction of partially ranked constraints, in each case constraints that are grounded, and motivated independently of variation data by related systems in which they have a ﬁxed rank. The partially ranked constraint systems turned out to predict not only the relative preferences among metrical options, but also their actual frequencies in the corpora, with surprising accuracy. These ﬁndings support the partial ranking model of variation, and provide an explanatory benchmark beyond the reach of intrinsically weaker stochastic approaches that posit a statistical component for metrical competence (Hayes & MacEachern 1998).|
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
No categories specified
(categorize this paper)
|Through your library||Only published papers are available at libraries|
Similar books and articles
J. Reddingius, S. A. Vries & A. J. Stam (1982). On a Stochastic Version of a Modified Nicholson-Baily Model. Acta Biotheoretica 31 (2).
Ingo Brigandt (2007). Typology Now: Homology and Developmental Constraints Explain Evolvability. [REVIEW] Biology and Philosophy 22 (5):709-725.
J. Michael Bailey (2000). Accounting for Female Strategic Variation. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (4):589-589.
L. G. & D. M. (2001). The Varied Lives of Organisms: Variation in the Historiography of the Biological Sciences. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 32 (1):1-29.
Adolf Grünbaum (2010). David Malament and the Conventionality of Simultaneity: A Reply. [REVIEW] Foundations of Physics 40 (9-10):1285-1297.
Anthony J. Greene & William B. Levy (2000). Individual Differences: Variation by Design. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (5):676-677.
James Tabery (2009). Difference Mechanisms: Explaining Variation with Mechanisms. Biology and Philosophy 24 (5):645-664.
Jonathan Cohen (2006). Color and Perceptual Variation Revisited: Unknown Facts, Alien Modalities, and Perfect Psychosemantics. Dialectica 60 (3):307-319.
Wayne A. Davis (2007). Knowledge Claims and Context: Loose Use. [REVIEW] Philosophical Studies 132 (3):395 - 438.
Added to index2010-12-22
Total downloads2 ( #246,694 of 740,000 )
Recent downloads (6 months)0
How can I increase my downloads?