David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 7 (2):173-187 (1994)
An analysis of the theory of biodynamic farming is presented. The founder of biological dynamic agriculture, the Austrian Rudolf Steiner, Ph.D., (1861–1925), introduced methods of preparation and use of eight compounds forming the nucleus of his agricultural theory. His instructions were based on insights and inner visions from spiritualistic exercises and not on agricultural experiments. His purpose was to show mankind a form of agriculture that enables not only the production of healthy foods but also the achievement of harmonious interactions in agriculture and a spiritual development of mankind through “cosmic forces” captured in the foods. However, many of his statements are not provable simply because scientifically clear hypotheses cannot be made as his descriptions were unclear and not stringent. Those predictions that can be tested scientifically have been found to be incorrect. It was concluded that Steiner's instructions are occult and dogmatic and cannot contribute to the development of alternative or sustainable agriculture.
|Keywords||biodynamic compounds alternative agriculture food test spiritualistic purpose|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Mary K. Hendrickson & Harvey S. James (2005). The Ethics of Constrained Choice: How the Industrialization of Agriculture Impacts Farming and Farmer Behavior. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 18 (3):269-291.
Paul B. Thompson (2001). The Reshaping of Conventional Farming: A North American Perspective. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 14 (2):217-229.
Lene Hansen, Egon Noe & Katrine Højring (2006). Nature and Nature Values in Organic Agriculture. An Analysis of Contested Concepts and Values Among Different Actors in Organic Farming. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 19 (2):147-168.
J. Baird Callicott (1990). The Metaphysical Transition in Farming: From the Newtonian-Mechanical to the Eltonian Ecological. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 3 (1):36-49.
Jeffrey Burkhardt (1989). The Morality Behind Sustainability. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 2 (2):113-128.
Egbert Hardeman & Henk Jochemsen (2012). Are There Ideological Aspects to the Modernization of Agriculture? Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 25 (5):657-674.
A. Whitney Sanford (2011). Growing Stories From India: Religion and the Fate of Agriculture. University Press of Kentucky.
Jeffrey Burkhardt (1988). Crisis, Argument, and Agriculture. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 1 (2):123-138.
Rajiv K. Sinha (1997). Embarking on the Second Green Revolution for Sustainable Agriculture in India: A Judicious Mix of Traditional Wisdom and Modern Knowledge in Ecological Farming. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 10 (2):183-197.
Michael C. Appleby (2005). Sustainable Agriculture is Humane, Humane Agriculture is Sustainable. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 18 (3):293-303.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads75 ( #20,250 of 1,101,878 )
Recent downloads (6 months)12 ( #19,529 of 1,101,878 )
How can I increase my downloads?