“Intrinsically” or just “instrumentally” valuable? On structural types of values of scientific knowledge
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal for General Philosophy of Science 32 (2):237-256 (2001)
Debates about scientific (though rarely about otherforms of) knowledge, research policies or academic trainingoften involve a controversy about whether scientificknowledge possesses just “instrumental” value or also “intrinsic” value. Questioning this common simpleopposition, I scrutinize the issues involved in terms of agreater variety of structural types of values attributableto (scientific) knowledge. (Intermittently, I address thepuzzling habit of attributing “intrinsic” value to quitedifferent things, e.g. also to nature, in environmentalethics.) After some remarks on relevant broader philosophicaldebates about scientific knowledge, I pave a path throughthe (terminological) thicket of structural types of values. Our initial simple opposition is shown to conflate thedistinctions intrinsic/extrinsic and instrumental (or justuseful)/final. Next, I consider the value(s) of knowledgeand knowing in general and their possible value components(like the values of truth and justifiedness). After havingdiscussed the types of value of everyday knowledge,especially its functional and constitutive value (notionsintroduced earlier), I argue that these can or should alsobe attributed to scientific knowledge, thus departing fromboth objectivist and sociological views of science. One could say that I offer a certain defense of theintrinsic value of scientific knowing (and the inherentvalue of scientific knowledge) and some importantdifferentiations of its “instrumental values”. I alsocaution (in relation with my puzzle) against drawing hastymoral conclusions.
|Keywords||values of (scientific) knowledge structuralvalue types intrinsic extrinsic inherent instrumental functional and constitutive value value components purescientific research value and moral obligation|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Hugh Lacey (2003). The Behavioral Scientist Qua Scientist Makes Value Judgments. Behavior and Philosophy 31:209 - 223.
Ryan Meyer (2011). The Public Values Failures of Climate Science in the US. Minerva 49 (1):47-70.
Mark S. Peacock (2009). Path Dependence in the Production of Scientific Knowledge. Social Epistemology 23 (2):105 – 124.
Sven Ove Hansson (2007). Values in Pure and Applied Science. Foundations of Science 12 (3):257-268.
Joel J. Kupperman (2005). The Epistemology of Non-Instrumental Value. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 70 (3):659–680.
Noretta Koertge (2000). Science, Values, and the Value of Science. Philosophy of Science 67 (3):57.
Ingo Brigandt (2012). The Dynamics of Scientific Concepts: The Relevance of Epistemic Aims and Values. In Uljana Feest & Friedrich Steinle (eds.), Scientific Concepts and Investigative Practice. de Gruyter. 3--75.
Ladislav Tondl (2001). Science, Values and the Human Dimensions. Journal for General Philosophy of Science 32 (2):307-327.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads51 ( #31,733 of 1,101,679 )
Recent downloads (6 months)25 ( #5,412 of 1,101,679 )
How can I increase my downloads?