Academic integrity: The relationship between individual and situational factors on misconduct contemplations [Book Review]
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Journal of Business Ethics 75 (4):381 - 394 (2007)
Recent, well-publicized scandals, involving unethical conduct have rekindled interest in academic misconduct. Prior studies of academic misconduct have focussed exclusively on situational factors (e.g., integrity culture, honor codes), demographic variables or personality constructs. We contend that it is important to also examine how␣these classes of variables interact to influence perceptions of and intentions relating to academic misconduct. In a sample of 217 business students, we examined how integrity culture interacts with Prudence and Adjustment to explain variance in estimated frequency of cheating, suspicions of cheating, considering cheating and reporting cheating. Age, integrity culture, and personality variables were significantly related to different criteria. Overall, personality variables explained the most unique variance in academic misconduct, and Adjustment interacted with integrity culture, such that integrity culture had more influence on intentions to cheat for less well-adjusted individuals. Implications for practice are discussed and future research directions are offered.
|Keywords||academic integrity academic culture cheating misconduct personality|
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References found in this work BETA
Robert C. Ford & Woodrow D. Richardson (1994). Ethical Decision Making: A Review of the Empirical Literature. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 13 (3):205 - 221.
M. Lynnette Smyth & James R. Davis (2004). Perceptions of Dishonesty Among Two-Year College Students: Academic Versus Business Situations. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 51 (1):63-73.
Deborah F. Crown & M. Shane Spiller (1998). Learning From the Literature on Collegiate Cheating: A Review of Empirical Research. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 17 (6):229-246.
Citations of this work BETA
Mark G. Simkin & Alexander McLeod (2010). Why Do College Students Cheat? Journal of Business Ethics 94 (3):441 - 453.
Mark Baetz, Lucia Zivcakova, Eileen Wood, Amanda Nosko, Domenica de Pasquale & Karin Archer (2011). Encouraging Active Classroom Discussion of Academic Integrity and Misconduct in Higher Education Business Contexts. Journal of Academic Ethics 9 (3):217-234.
Kathleen K. Molnar & Marilyn G. Kletke (2012). Does the Type of Cheating Influence Undergraduate Students' Perceptions of Cheating? Journal of Academic Ethics 10 (3):201-212.
Thomas H. Stone, Jennifer L. Kisamore, I. M. Jawahar & Jocelyn Holden Bolin (2014). Making Our Measures Match Perceptions: Do Severity and Type Matter When Assessing Academic Misconduct Offenses? Journal of Academic Ethics 12 (4):251-270.
Yuchao Ma, Donald L. McCabe & Ruizhi Liu (2013). Students' Academic Cheating in Chinese Universities: Prevalence, Influencing Factors, and Proposed Action. [REVIEW] Journal of Academic Ethics 11 (3):169-184.
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