David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Science and Engineering Ethics 17 (3):539-552 (2011)
This article starts with an overview of the author’s personal involvement—as an Operations Research consultant—in several engineering case-studies that may raise ethical questions; e.g., case-studies on nuclear waste, water management, sustainable ecology, military tactics, and animal welfare. All these case studies employ computer simulation models. In general, models are meant to solve practical problems, which may have ethical implications for the various stakeholders; namely, the modelers, the clients, and the public at large. The article further presents an overview of codes of ethics in a variety of disciples. It discusses the role of mathematical models, focusing on the validation of these models’ assumptions. Documentation of these model assumptions needs special attention. Some ethical norms and values may be quantified through the model’s multiple performance measures, which might be optimized. The uncertainty about the validity of the model leads to risk or uncertainty analysis and to a search for robust models. Ethical questions may be pressing in military models, including war games. However, computer games and the related experimental economics may also provide a special tool to study ethical issues. Finally, the article briefly discusses whistleblowing. Its many references to publications and websites enable further study of ethical issues in modeling
|Keywords||Ethics Norms and values Code of conduct Stakeholders Whistleblowing Model validity Case studies Games|
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References found in this work BETA
Michiel Brumsen & Ibo van de Poel (2001). A Special Section on Research in Engineering Ethics Towards a Research Programme for Ethics and Technology. Science and Engineering Ethics 7 (3):365-378.
Luisa María Gil-Martín, Enrique Hernández-Montes & Armando Segura-Naya (2010). A New Experience: The Course of Ethics in Engineering in the Department of Civil Engineering, University of Granada. Science and Engineering Ethics 16 (2):409-413.
Golnaz Hashemian & Michael C. Loui (2010). Can Instruction in Engineering Ethics Change Students' Feelings About Professional Responsibility? Science and Engineering Ethics 16 (1):201-215.
Nancy L. Jones (2007). A Code of Ethics for the Life Sciences. Science and Engineering Ethics 13 (1):25-43.
Byron Newberry, Katherine Austin, William Lawson, Greta Gorsuch & Thomas Darwin (2011). Acclimating International Graduate Students to Professional Engineering Ethics. Science and Engineering Ethics 17 (1):171-194.
Citations of this work BETA
David J. Kijowski, Harry Dankowicz & Michael C. Loui (2013). Observations on the Responsible Development and Use of Computational Models and Simulations. Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (1):63-81.
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