David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Philosophical Quarterly 57 (229):573–592 (2007)
During the 1780s, as Kant was developing his universalistic moral theory, he published texts in which he defended the superiority of whites over non-whites. Whether commentators see this as evidence of inconsistent universalism or of consistent inegalitarianism, they generally assume that Kant's position on race remained stable during the 1780s and 1790s. Against this standard view, I argue on the basis of his texts that Kant radically changed his mind. I examine his 1780s race theory and his hierarchical conception of the races, and subsequently address the question of the significance of these views, especially in the light of Kant's own ethical theory. I then show that during the 1790s Kant restricts the role of the concept of race, and drops his hierarchical account of the races in favour of a more genuinely egalitarian and cosmopolitan view.
|Keywords||Immanuel Kant Theory of Race Racism|
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References found in this work BETA
Phillip R. Sloan (2002). Performing the Categories: Eighteenth-Century Generation Theory and the Biological Roots of Kant's A Priori. Journal of the History of Philosophy 40 (2):229-253.
Tsenay Serequeberhan (1996). Eurocentrism in Philosophy: The Case of Immanuel Kant. Philosophical Forum 27 (4):333-356.
Citations of this work BETA
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Pauline Kleingeld (2008). Kant on Historiography and the Use of Regulative Ideas. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 39 (4):523-528.
John Elias Nale (2015). Kant’s Racial Mind–Body Unions. Continental Philosophy Review 48 (1):41-58.
Paul Formosa (2011). Kant on the Highest Moral-Physical Good: The Social Aspect of Kant's Moral Philosophy. Kantian Review 15 (1):1-36.
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