David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Consciousness and Cognition 9 (1):50-65 (2000)
Previous research has demonstrated electroencephalogram (EEG) changes in response to low-odor concentrations, resulting in near-chance detection. Such findings have been taken as evidence for olfaction without awareness. We replicated and extended previous work by examining EEG responses to water-water control, 0.0001, 0.001, 0.01, and 1 ppm isoamyl acetate (IAA) in water paired with water only. Detection was above chance (>50%) for .001 and above, and alpha decreased only to those concentrations, suggesting that EEG changes corresponded to IAA awareness. However, when correct trial EEGs were compared to incorrect trial EEGs during .001 ppm, right posterior/central alpha decreased during incorrect trials and alpha decreased more globally (including frontal sites) during correct trials. These data may not reflect awareness or unawareness per se. Instead, results are discussed regarding activation of perceptual systems in the posterior region during incorrect trials and the activation of frontal action systems during a subset of correct trials.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Daniel Holender (1986). Semantic Activation Without Conscious Identification in Dichotic Listening, Parafoveal Vision, and Visual Masking: A Survey and Appraisal. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 9 (1):1-23.
Eyal M. Reingold & Philip M. Merikle (1988). Using Direct and Indirect Measures to Study Perception Without Awareness. Perception and Psychophysics 44:563-575.
J. Cheesman & Philip M. Merikle (1986). Distinguishing Conscious From Unconscious Perceptual Processes. Canadian Journal of Psychology 40:343-67.
John F. Kihlstrom, T. M. Barnhardt & D. J. Tataryn (1992). Implicit Perception. In Robert F. Bornstein & T. S. Pittman (eds.), Perception Without Awareness. Guilford 17--54.
Philip M. Merikle, S. Joordens & J. A. Stolz (1995). Measuring the Relative Magnitude of Unconscious Influences. Consciousness and Cognition 4 (4):422-39.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Alexander A. Fingelkurts, Andrew A. Fingelkurts, Sakari Kallio & Antti Revonsuo (2007). HYPNOSIS INDUCES A CHANGED COMPOSITION OF BRAIN OSCILLATIONS IN EEG: A CASE STUDY. Contemporary Hypnosis 24 (1):3-18.
S. R. Thomas & G. Dagher (1993). A Modeling Study of Solute Reabsorption Along Rat Proximal Tubule. Acta Biotheoretica 41 (1-2):35-41.
Agnès Aubert, Robert Costalat & Romain Valabrègue (2001). Modelling of the Coupling Between Brain Electrical Activity and Metabolism. Acta Biotheoretica 49 (4):301-326.
Frederick T. Travis & R. K. Wallace (1999). Autonomic and EEG Patterns During Eyes-Closed Rest and Transcendental Meditation (TM) Practice: The Basis for a Neural Model of TM Practice. Consciousness and Cognition 8 (3):302-318.
Emma R. M. Cohen, Jennifer M. O'neill, Michel Joffres, Ross E. G. Upshur & Edward Mills (2009). Reporting of Informed Consent, Standard of Care and Post-Trial Obligations in Global Randomized Intervention Trials: A Systematic Survey of Registered Trials. Developing World Bioethics 9 (2):74-80.
Dominique de Vienne, Bruno Bost, Julie Fiévet & Christine Dillmann (2001). Optimisation of Enzyme Concentrations for Unbranched Reaction Chains: The Concept of Combined Response Coefficient. Acta Biotheoretica 49 (4):341-350.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads4 ( #549,393 of 1,793,159 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #344,170 of 1,793,159 )
How can I increase my downloads?